Orrery, Charles Boyle, 4th earl of

Orrery, Charles Boyle, 4th earl of

(ŏr`ərē), 1676–1731, English nobleman; grandson of the 1st earl of Orrery. He succeeded his brother as earl in 1703. A supporter of Sir William TempleTemple, Sir William,
1628–99, English diplomat and author. He was married in 1655 to Dorothy Osborne. They settled in Ireland, and in 1661 Temple entered the Irish parliament. He moved (1663) to England, served on various diplomatic missions, and was made a baronet (1666).
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 in his controversy with Richard BentleyBentley, Richard,
1662–1742, English critic and philologist. Generally considered the greatest of English classical scholars, he was also an Anglican clergyman who became (1717) Regius Professor of Divinity at Cambridge.
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 over modern and antique scholarship, Orrery edited (1695) The Epistles of Phalaris. The issue was satirized—and made famous—by Jonathan SwiftSwift, Jonathan,
1667–1745, English author, b. Dublin. He is widely recognized as one of the greatest satirists in the English language. Early Life and Works
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 in his Battle of the Books. Orrery rose to the rank of major general (1709) in the War of the Spanish Succession, and assisted in the negotiation of the Peace of Utrecht (1713–14). He was a patron of the inventor George Graham, who designed the planetariumplanetarium,
optical device used to project a representation of the heavens onto a domed ceiling; the term also designates the building that houses such a device. A modern planetarium consists of as many as 150 motor-driven projectors mounted on an axis.
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 called the orrery.
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