Orientational evolution of plastic orthotropy
in sheet metal, Int.
1972) demonstrated that the stress distribution of the plate bending specimen was different from a simple beam due to the high orthotropy
of wood materials.
Examples where axial symmetry fails include the crimping of hose assemblies (as a result of gaps between dies) or diaphragms (because of orthotropy
of the reinforcing layer); Fabric-reinforced rubber should consider homogenization schemes based on properties of the yarn and rubber matrix.
Syntactic foams are also a favorite material of pattern makers, since they offer the workability of wood without the orthotropy
caused by a grain.
This is proved by the choice of transverse isotropy hypothesis as induced anisotropy and not the orthotropy
, which would be more natural, but the number of parameters would be excessive to a small benefit.
In order to increase its influence on the eigenfrequencies, the dimension optimization of specimen side aspect ratio and orthotropy
angle is performed.
It is found that bone orthotropy
plays important role in resisting compressive loads and shear stresses in bone, this has impact on design of artificial joint since assumption of isotrophy underestimates the flexural stresses in bone.
Such behaviour of frequencies is caused by simultaneous influence both of variable thickness and the orthotropy
and symmetry of piezoelectric films or layers make it possible to uncouple the bending and the membrane.