Wright brothers

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The Wright brothers
Orville: printer/publisher, bicycle retailer/manufacturer, airplane inventor/manufacturer, pilot trainer
Wilbur: editor, bicycle retailer/manufacturer, airplane inventor/manufacturer, pilot trainer

Wright brothers,

American airplane inventors and aviation pioneers. Orville Wright 1871–1948, was born in Dayton, Ohio, and Wilbur Wright, 1867–1912, near New Castle, Ind. Their interest in aviation was aroused in the 1890s by the German engineer Otto LilienthalLilienthal, Otto
, 1848–96, German aeronautical engineer, a pioneer in his experiments with gliders. He made major developments in the glider based on his observations of birds and wrote a number of books on aviation.
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's glider flights. Excellent mechanics, the Wrights used the facilities of the bicycle repair shop and factory which they operated (1892–1904) at Dayton for the construction of their early aircraft. By experimenting with movable portions of the wing assembly, rather than shifts in bodily weight, as a means of correcting the aircraft's position in flight they made an important improvement in aircraft design. During this period they also drew up valuable tables of wind pressure and drift. An engine was designed by Orville, and they constructed and attached it to their improved glider.

On Dec. 17, 1903, they made near Kitty Hawk, N.C., with its steady, moderate winds and long, soft beach, the first controlled, sustained flights in a power-driven airplaneairplane,
or aircraft,
heavier-than-air vehicle, mechanically driven and fitted with fixed wings that support it in flight through the dynamic action of the air.
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. Of their four flights on that day, the first, made by Orville, lasted 12 sec, and the fourth, by Wilbur, covered 852 ft (259 m) in 59 sec. The brothers continued their experiments at Dayton and built several biplanes. Record-breaking flights in 1908 by Orville in the United States and by Wilbur in France brought them worldwide fame. In 1909 the U.S. government accepted the Wright machine for army use, and the brothers established the Wright Company. The house where Orville was born and the bicycle-shop laboratory have been restored and were moved to Greenfield Village, Mich.


See their papers, ed. by M. W. McFarland (2 vol., 1953); C. P. Graves, The Wright Brothers (1973); P. Degan and L. Wescott, Wind and Sand (1983); F. Howard, Wilbur and Orville (1988); L. E. Tise, Conquering the Sky (2009); D. McCullough, The Wright Brothers (2015); bibliography ed. by A. G. Renstrom (1968).

Wright brothers

creators-aviators of first manned aircraft (1903). [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 563]

Wright Brothers

(Wilbur, 1867–1912) (Orville, 1871–1948) made the first controlled, sustained flight in a power-driven airplane (1903). [Am. Hist.: NCE, 3012]
See: Firsts
References in periodicals archive ?
THE TOPIC: The story is familiar, at least in broad brushstrokes: brothers Orville and Wilbur Wright, Dayton, Ohio, bicycle-shop owners, rose to the pinnacle of the aviation world--a world of their own creation--with their successful flight at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, in December 1903.
ORVILLE and Wilbur Wright, the brothers who built the first airplane, operated a small bike repair shop in Dayton, Ohio.
Roach, a historian, traces the history of the Wright Company, founded by Orville and Wilbur Wright in Dayton, Ohio, in 1909 to manufacture their airplanes, prosecute patent infringements, and train aviators.
Orville and Wilbur Wright were granted a patent for a "flying machine" on May 22.
Both Orville and Wilbur Wright are household names because their imagination and technical abilities allowed them to lay claim to the first manned powered flight--a rather impressive feather to have in one's cap.
This well-written story puts flesh and blood on the early pioneers of aviation, including Glenn Curtiss, Otto Lillienthal, Samuel Langley, and of course, Orville and Wilbur Wright.
Starting with the one-page requirement issued to Orville and Wilbur Wright for the first military heavier-than-air flying machine, the acquisition system arrived at a point in the 1980s when military contracts were no longer measured by the page but by the linear foot, maybe even by the pound as some skeptics suggested.
Orville and Wilbur Wright made the first flight in a powered airplane at Kitty Hawk, N.
SINCE Orville and Wilbur Wright first flew in December 1903, man has sought to fly at greater speeds.
Hard landing though it may have been, the Flyer proved itself to be wildly successful, and the entire affair likewise proved to be a testament to the ingenuity and creative genius of Orville and Wilbur Wright.
Orville and Wilbur Wright, sons of Milton Wright, a bishop in the United Brethren Church, changed the way we think about and interact with our world.