Osage


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Osage,

river, c.360 mi (580 km) long, formed by the confluence of the Marais des Cygnes and the Little Osage rivers, W Mo. It flows NE to join the Missouri River near Jefferson City. Bagnell Dam (completed 1931) across the Osage River impounds the Lake of the Ozarks and also provides hydroelectricity. The power produced there is consumed mainly by St. Louis. The Osage River basin project provides for flood control, hydroelectric power, and recreational facilities.

Osage

(ō`sāj, ōsāj`), indigenous people of North America whose language belongs to the Siouan branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). In prehistoric times they lived with the Kansa, the Ponca, the Omaha, and the Quapaw in the Ohio valley, but by 1673 they had migrated to the vicinity of the Osage River in Missouri. They often conducted war against other Native Americans, and in the early 18th cent. allied themselves with the French against surrounding tribes, such as the Illinois. The Osage had a typical Plains-area culture (see under Natives, North AmericanNatives, North American,
peoples who occupied North America before the arrival of the Europeans in the 15th cent. They have long been known as Indians because of the belief prevalent at the time of Columbus that the Americas were the outer reaches of the Indies (i.e.
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). One distinctive trait, however, was the tribal division between the Wazhazhe, or meat eaters, and the Tsishu, or vegetarians.

In 1802, according to Lewis and Clark, three groups constituted the Osage—the Great Osage, on the Osage River; the Little Osage, farther up the same river; and the Arkansas band, on the Vermilion River, a tributary of the Arkansas. They then numbered some 5,500. By a series of treaties begun in 1810 the Osage ceded to the United States their extensive territory in Missouri, Arkansas, and Oklahoma, and they moved to a reservation in N central Oklahoma. They have since been given the right to own their land individually. The discovery of oil on their reservation land in the early 20th cent., plus their landholdings, contributed to the prosperity of the Osage. In 1990 there were over 10,000 Osage in the United States. The Osage Museum in Pawhuska, Okla., the oldest continuous tribal museum in the country, documents their history.

Bibliography

See F. La Flesche, The Osage Tribe (1921, repr. 1970) and War Ceremony and Peace Ceremony of the Osage Indians (1939); J. J. Mathews, The Osages, Children of the Middle Waters (1961); W. D. Baird, The Osage People (1972).

References in periodicals archive ?
Voters in the Osage Nation participate in elections for Principal Chief, Assistant Principal Chief, Congress, elections for the retention of Judges of the Osage Judiciary, and other elections required by the Constitution and by law.
The Osage site was selected for several reasons including the close availability of raw materials, the availability of a skilled workforce and proximity to VBC's dedicated formulations partner, A to Z Drying.
Our contractors and supervisors performed in an extremely efficient manner, which directly benefits Osage shareholders.
While Meryl Streep received the lead actress nomination and Julia Robert the supporting actress for 'August: Osage County', Forest Whitaker received the lead actor nomination for 'The Butler' helmed by Lee Daniels.
Four men and two women of the Osage tribe visited Europe in 1827; while they were put on display as 'noble savages' by three Americans, they also enjoyed freedom of movement, went to theater performances, spoke with people of their own choosing, and even met the king of France.
7th MONA Biennial Convention, Tan-Tar-A, Osage Beach MONA Board
Historically used in unmanaged conditions, limited knowledge exists regarding best management practices for Osage orange production in an intercropping system with a cash crop.
The location was bought for $45,000 in April 1999 from Osage Falls Development, led by Lloyd Cobb.
Osage Ventures seeks to invest in determined and creative entrepreneurs that have a unique concept or product.
Pike was in charge of 51 Osage Indians, most of them women and children who had been captured by Indian enemies while hunting.
The Osage people have one of the most distinctive and significant American Indian artistic traditions.
The Osage people adapted with uncommon creativity, resilience, and strength to the immense and unrelenting challenges provoked by a century and a half of contact and conflict with other Native groups, with Europeans, and Americans.