Oscan


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Oscan

(ŏs`kən), extinct language belonging to the Italic subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages. See Italic languagesItalic languages,
subfamily of the Indo-European family of languages that may be divided into two groups. The first group consists of the ancient Italic languages and dialects that were once spoken in Italy.
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Oscan

 

the language of the Oscans; a language of the Italic subgroup (Osco-Umbrian branch) of the Indo-European family of languages.

Osean texts written in the Etruscan, Greek, and Latin alphabets date from the fifth to the first century B.C. Approximately 300 Osean inscriptions have been preserved in the form of coin legends, grave inscriptions, dedications, and inscriptions on landmark stones.

The Osean language had more than 11 dialects. It was characterized by the retention of diphthongs and intervocalic -s-, the transition of labiovelars to labials, and anaptyxis (introduction of a vowel sound in a consonant cluster in order to facilitate pronunciation).

References in periodicals archive ?
'OSCAN notes that these qualities shall well be considered in its choice of who governs the state and therefore urges political parties to pick the best among their aspirants as their flag-bearers.'
Using methods from modern sociolinguistics, historical sociolinguistics, epigraphy, history and archaeology, this project will examine inscriptions in languages including Greek, Etruscan, Oscan, Venetic, Messapic and Latin.
Godolphin are represented by once-raced Leicester maiden winner Oscan, while Nayef's trainer Marcus Tregoning bids for a fifth success in the race with Chepstow winner Cavaleiro, a son of his Derby winner Sir Percy.Dubai Prince makes Godolphin debut, page 6
(5) The word apparently means 'Oscan' or 'Italic', Van den Hout 1999:56, that is, 'non-Roman'.
In the case of Pompeii, for example, Aldrete stresses the importance of preservation, rather than discussing Oscan, Roman, and Hellenistic influences, or reassessing the postulated model character of Rome.
The change of *s to *z affected not only Latin and Umbrian but also Oscan.
The word is related to Italic *puclo- 'son, boy', preserved in inscriptions, Oscan puklum (3rdCBC) '= filium, puerum' (Buck 243-46), and Pelignian puclois (c.3rdCBC) '= filiis, pueris' (Bottiglioni 334); both related to Ancient Sanskrit putra- 'a son', and from which also derives the equally rare Latin pusus, pusa (2ndCBC) 'young, little boy or girl', and pusio (1stCBC) 'little boy'.
One of the great mysteries of the history of southern Italy, if studied from a purely literary point of view, is the ethnic composition of the Greek cities in the era of the Oscan and Roman conquests.
The bearer of an Oscan name, Pacuvius was probably educated at Tarentum.
Same time next year for Oscan Godolphin are set to have a trio of chances for the Ladbrokes St Leger on Saturday, but may have already unearthed a candidate for the Classic next year as Oscan made a winning debut in the 7f maiden.
830), and Oscan ligatuis nuvlanuis should at least be designated as oblique (dat., abl., or loc.) plural following the translation 'legates from Nole' (p.
A concluding chapter treats an important Oscan inscription.