Oskar Kokoschka

(redirected from Oscar Kokoschka)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kokoschka, Oskar


Born Mar. 1, 1886, in Pöchlarn, Lower Austria. Austrian painter and graphic artist.

Kokoschka studied at the School of Arts and Crafts in Vienna from 1904 to 1909. He worked in Vienna, Dresden (1918–24, becoming a professor at the Academy of Arts there in 1920), Prague (1934–38, professor at the Academy of Arts), London (1938–53), and Salzburg (director of the International Summer Academy for the Study of Creative Arts from 1954).

A representative of expressionism, Kokoschka sought to express a morbid and tragic sense of life in such works as The Storm (1914, Public Art Collection, Basel) and The Power of Music (1918–20, Dresden Picture Gallery). These works reflect a feeling of nervous tension and are distinguished by an abrupt and impulsive manner of execution. At the same time, many of the artist’s landscapes, which are generally representations of cities, are marked by lyricism and rich colors (Venice, 1924; Salzburg, 1950—both in the New Pinakothek, Munich). Kokoschka’s portraits, for example, those of A. Forel (1908, Kunsthalle, Manheim) and I. M. Maiskii (1942–43, Tate Gallery, London), reveal his keen insight into the characters of his sitters. In the Thermopylae Triptych (1954, at the University of Hamburg), Kokoschka’s antifascist views are reflected. Kokoschka was also a poet and playwright.


Wingler, H. M. Oskar Kokoschka. Munich, 1956.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1962, she joined Oscar Kokoschka's School of Vision in Salzburg.
Gustav Klimt, Oscar Kokoschka, Egon Schiele, Karl Kraus, Gustav Mahler, Arnold Schonberg, Alfred Loos, Sigmund Freud, and many others flourished in the Austrian capital, bringing about a radical break with the centuries of the ultraconservative power of the Habsburgs.
Oscar Kokoschka (1886-1980) combined in equal measure the qualities of poet, playwright and painter.
Asi sera, volviendo, lo que ocurra con Arthur Schnitzel y von Hofmannsthal (capitulo I), con dos prominentes arquitectos (Otto Wagner y Camillo Sitte, capitulo tercero), con Klimt, Oscar Kokoschka y Arnold Schoenberg en los restantes.
He had read history at Cambridge, but his heart was in visual arts, and after graduating he went off to the Slade School of Art in London, with time as a pupil of Oscar Kokoschka, in Vienna.
Loos, A., 1998c, "Oscar Kokoschka", en Loos 1998a, pp.
Georges Clemenceau somehow turns into Paul Clemenceau, and Oscar Kokoschka's vital statistics become hopelessly garbled (Kokoschka lived from 1886 to 1980, but Feder credits him with reaching the age of ninety-six and, four pages earlier, with living from 1866 to 1944).
The artists include Frank Auerbach, sent by his parents who perished in the Holocaust, Oscar Kokoschka and Hans Feibusch, who had both been included in the Degenerate Art Exhibition in Munich in 1938, and Val Biro who arrived in England from Hungary in 1939 and was prevented from serving in the forces as he was considered an illegal alien.
By now married to his first wife, the immensely well-read and beautiful Feza, he brings to life Robert Musil, Alban Berg, Oscar Kokoschka, Alma Mahler and the circle around Thomas Mann.
Later, architect Walker Gropius, artist Oscar Kokoschka and writer Franz Werfel came under her spell, but her first marriage was to Gustav Mahler.