Oskar Schindler

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Oskar Schindler
BirthplaceZwittau, Moravia, Austria-Hungary

Schindler, Oskar,

1908–74, German industrialist who saved more than a thousand Jews during the HolocaustHolocaust
, name given to the period of persecution and extermination of European Jews by Nazi Germany. Romani (Gypsies), homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, the disabled, and others were also victims of the Holocaust.
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. A Catholic and a member of the National Socialist (Nazi) party, Schindler relocated (1939) to Kraków, in German-occupied Poland, and established an armament factory whose workers included Jewish laborers from Nazi camps. Resolving to save as many Jews as possible from the "final solution," he engratiated himself with Nazi officials and employed as many Jews as he could get, listing them as skilled industrial workers when they were not (some were children) and housing them in his own facility. In 1943, after the Kraków ghetto was destroyed, Schindler created a safe sub-camp at his factory.

In 1944, as more Jews were consigned to death camps, Schindler drew up a list of some 1,100, as many as he could afford to obtain, and had them sent to his labor camp in Czechoslovakia, supposedly to produce essential munitions. After Russians liberated the camp (1945), its inmates scattered throughout the world, many immigrating to Israel. Schindler, impoverished by his efforts, received aid from a Jewish welfare group, immigrated to Argentina, and later returned to West Germany. Honored by Israel, he was buried in Jerusalem. His story formed the basis for Thomas KeneallyKeneally, Thomas
, 1935–, Australian novelist, b. Sydney. For a time a student of religion, and later of law, Keneally has ranged over a wide spectrum of subjects in his many novels, including the American Civil War, Nazi Germany, POW camps, and rugby.
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's Schindler's Ark (1982, American title Schindler's List) and the subsequent Steven SpielbergSpielberg, Steven,
1946–, American film director, b. Cincinnati, Ohio. Spielberg began his career as a television director, admired for his understanding portrayal of human character.
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 film (1993).


See T. Keneally, Searching for Schindler (2008); biography by D. M. Crowe (2004); T. Fensch, ed., Oskar Schindler and His List (1995); P. Mietek, The Road to Rescue (2008).

References in periodicals archive ?
Since Ireland's longest classic became an all-aged affair in 1983, only four horses have won the race more than once - Vintage Crop, Oscar Schindler, Kayf Tara and, of course, four-time winner Vinnie Roe.
There was also a strong focus on education with the players visiting the factory of Oscar Schindler before laying flowers, lighting candles and pausing to reflect at Auschwitz II-Birkenau concentration camp.
Como Oscar Schindler, Raoul Wallenberg, el mexicano Gilberto Bosques y muchos mas, que combatieron en contra del fanatismo y la crueldad en beneficio del otro.
Quite how Neeson went from Oscar Schindler and Aslan to being the mentor of both Darth Vader and Batman and becoming one of the world's hottest action commodities after he's qualified for his bus pass in the UK I'll never know, but he's the world's coolest guy and I can't get enough.
Brian Little, a great footballer, and Frank Foley, Stourbridge's very own Oscar Schindler.
Dennis rescued him and, havingjust watched Schindler's List, named him Oscar Schindler Gill.
Vince stayed at the four star Hotel Qubus, part of the Hotelopia group, which is a seven minute walk from the factory made famous by Oscar Schindler (of Schindler's List).
1982 - Which author claims the Booker Prize with Schindler's Ark, a novel profiling the true story of unlikely hero Oscar Schindler, a German Nazi party member who saved over 1,000 Jews from WWII concentration camps?
I have become the Borders' very own Oscar Schindler, the conduit through which friends who have glimpsed a better life than the polluted, noisy, crowded outside world affords can escape to Paradise on Tweed and contentment.
The popular stayer ran at the Irish venue twice during his amazing 63-race career and although Persian Punch never got his head in front in the Irish St Leger, he only just lost out to Oscar Schindler in 1997.
And it was Nicholas Winton, a young stockbroker, who became the British Oscar Schindler.
Oscar Schindler singled himself out as a smart middledistance performer by taking the Ormonde Stakes at Chester.