Also found in: Dictionary, Acronyms, Wikipedia.


(ôsh), city (1993 pop. 233,300), capital of Osh region, S Kyrgyzstan, in the Fergana ValleyFergana Valley
or Ferghana Valley,
region, 8,494 sq mi (22,000 sq km), Central Asia, divided among Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan. The Fergana Range (part of the Tian Shan system) rises in the northeast and the Pamir in the south.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Terminus of the Osh-Khorugh highway and Kyrgyzstan's second largest city, Osh has silk, cotton, textile, and food-processing industries; it also is a center of the illegal opium trade. One of the oldest settlements of Central Asia, Osh was for centuries a major silk-production center, strategically situated on a trade route to India. The old city adjoins the larger modern section. Sulayman Mt., or Taht-I-Suleiman [Solomon's throne], is a place of Muslim pilgrimage. Osh was the scene of violent Uzbek-Kyrgyz ethnic clashes in 1990 and again in 2010.



a city; administrative center of Osh Oblast, Kirghiz SSR. Osh is situated where the Akbura River flows out of the foothills of the Alai Range into the Fergana Valley, at an elevation of 870–1,110 m. The city has a railroad station, and it is a junction of highways to a number of cities, including Frunze, Khorog, Andizhan, and Kyzyl-Kiia. In 1974 the population was 143,000 (33,000 in 1939, 65,000 in 1959, and 120,000 in 1970).

One of the oldest cities in Middle Asia, Osh was considered the third largest city in Fergana as early as the tenth century. Trade routes from Middle Asia to China and India passed through the city. In 1876, after the conquest of the Kokand Khanate, Osh was incorporated into Russia. Under Soviet power, it has been transformed into a major industrial center. (In Kirghizia, it is second in importance to the city of Frunze.)

Osh produces a third of the oblast’s industrial output. Light industry is the leading branch. Located in the city are the largest textile combine in Middle Asia, a silk combine, a cotton-ginning plant, and a garment and footwear factory. Food processing, a well-developed branch of industry, is represented by a meatpacking plant, a milk plant, and a fruit wine combine. Machine building and metalworking are also among the city’s industries (a pump plant and a motor-vehicle repair plant). The production of building materials is being developed (a building materials combine, reinforced-concrete products plants, and a brickyard). There is a furniture factory in the city.

Among the educational institutions in Osh are a pedagogical institute; the general technical department of the Frunze Polytechnic Institute; agricultural, Soviet trade, and construction technicums; a branch of a road transportation technicum; and pedagogical and music schools. Also located in the city are the Uzbek Theater of Musical Drama, a museum of regional studies, and a tourist center.


Aidashev, T. Gorod Osh. Frunze, 1968.
Daniiarov, S., and K. Rakhmanov. Po solnechnoi Kirgizii. Frunze, 1968.


References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, to provide safety training, improve workplace safety and enhance tidiness and cleanliness, Mr Chan called on the industry to participate in the OSH Star Enterprise - Catering OSH Enhancement Pilot Scheme launched by the OSHC.
Therefore, in order to understand the reasons behind the lack of knowledge and the practice of OSH standards in the Caribbean, a questionnaire was given to key policy-making representatives in six Caribbean countries in 2012, and a situational analysis of current OSH regulations and legislation in the Caribbean was conducted in 2012 and 2013.
Under the OSH Act, OSHA may refer the following types of cases to DOJ for criminal enforcement:
The 3,000-year-old city of Osh, is home to the largest outdoor market in Central Asia and for the first time will have direct air links to Dubai.
The article aims to analyse the knowledge, qualifications, and professional competences of OSH service employees--a group that is crucial for maintaining an appropriate safety level in the organisation--in the context of employers' expectations.
There is often a lack of teaching staff who have expertise in OSH and a lack of OSH teaching materials suitable for university level.
Children at Taft Elementary School in Redwood City received advice and guidance from local OSH nursery expert Doug Williams as they started their new school garden, which features organic fruits and vegetables.
Armed Islamic guerrillas are believed to hold the hostages in an area in Batken, some 200 kilometers west of Osh.
OSH is a recent addition to the Oakbrook Shopping Center and was not included in the original resolution that put a portion of the center under police enforcement of the code.
Another requirement for employers is to prominently display an OSH Act poster.
The Board of OSH is dedicated to finding a new leader to drive profitable growth that will benefit our customers, employees and suppliers.
Video surveillance system will allow to decrease the number of crimes, said chief of Osh city Internal affairs department Kylych Joldoshev.