Also found in: Dictionary, Acronyms, Wikipedia.


(ôsh), city (1993 pop. 233,300), capital of Osh region, S Kyrgyzstan, in the Fergana ValleyFergana Valley
or Ferghana Valley,
region, 8,494 sq mi (22,000 sq km), Central Asia, divided among Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan. The Fergana Range (part of the Tian Shan system) rises in the northeast and the Pamir in the south.
..... Click the link for more information.
. Terminus of the Osh-Khorugh highway and Kyrgyzstan's second largest city, Osh has silk, cotton, textile, and food-processing industries; it also is a center of the illegal opium trade. One of the oldest settlements of Central Asia, Osh was for centuries a major silk-production center, strategically situated on a trade route to India. The old city adjoins the larger modern section. Sulayman Mt., or Taht-I-Suleiman [Solomon's throne], is a place of Muslim pilgrimage. Osh was the scene of violent Uzbek-Kyrgyz ethnic clashes in 1990 and again in 2010.



a city; administrative center of Osh Oblast, Kirghiz SSR. Osh is situated where the Akbura River flows out of the foothills of the Alai Range into the Fergana Valley, at an elevation of 870–1,110 m. The city has a railroad station, and it is a junction of highways to a number of cities, including Frunze, Khorog, Andizhan, and Kyzyl-Kiia. In 1974 the population was 143,000 (33,000 in 1939, 65,000 in 1959, and 120,000 in 1970).

One of the oldest cities in Middle Asia, Osh was considered the third largest city in Fergana as early as the tenth century. Trade routes from Middle Asia to China and India passed through the city. In 1876, after the conquest of the Kokand Khanate, Osh was incorporated into Russia. Under Soviet power, it has been transformed into a major industrial center. (In Kirghizia, it is second in importance to the city of Frunze.)

Osh produces a third of the oblast’s industrial output. Light industry is the leading branch. Located in the city are the largest textile combine in Middle Asia, a silk combine, a cotton-ginning plant, and a garment and footwear factory. Food processing, a well-developed branch of industry, is represented by a meatpacking plant, a milk plant, and a fruit wine combine. Machine building and metalworking are also among the city’s industries (a pump plant and a motor-vehicle repair plant). The production of building materials is being developed (a building materials combine, reinforced-concrete products plants, and a brickyard). There is a furniture factory in the city.

Among the educational institutions in Osh are a pedagogical institute; the general technical department of the Frunze Polytechnic Institute; agricultural, Soviet trade, and construction technicums; a branch of a road transportation technicum; and pedagogical and music schools. Also located in the city are the Uzbek Theater of Musical Drama, a museum of regional studies, and a tourist center.


Aidashev, T. Gorod Osh. Frunze, 1968.
Daniiarov, S., and K. Rakhmanov. Po solnechnoi Kirgizii. Frunze, 1968.


References in periodicals archive ?
Every OSH is designed to reflect the community and be unique to the needs of the residents in surrounding neighborhoods.
The 3,000-year-old city of Osh, is home to the largest outdoor market in Central Asia and for the first time will have direct air links to Dubai.
There is often a lack of teaching staff who have expertise in OSH and a lack of OSH teaching materials suitable for university level.
Other Osh residents said men in their 20s and 30s who once served in the army, including those who fought in Afghanistan for the now-defunct Soviet Union, have been sent to Batken since the abduction.
Air Manas plane (trademark Pegasus Asia) went off the takeoff strip while landing in the airport in Osh, southern Kyrgyzstan.
The aim was to sensitise them on the importance of applying OSH norms in their respective institutions.
86% of schools have been able to leverage their OSH grant to secure other funding and support
Osh interregional unified clinical hospital will host a meeting of specialists of social monitoring and development in the Osh region, heads of regional and municipal health organizations, as well as members of the clergy on March 26.
OSH is a regional home-improvement retailer operating 85 locations throughout California.
Surveys of our customers indicate that there is strong demand for high-caliber, dependable power tools that can be used for serious home improvement projects, but that are also user-friendly and priced at a great value," said OSH Senior Vice President of Merchandising Mike Clark.
While Prime Minister Joomart Otorbayev stressed the necessity to address the issues of provision of the population of Osh with clean drinking water, the city's mayor assured that "100% of the residents of Osh will be provided with drinking water in 2016.
The 63,301-square-foot OSH store at 1751 East Shore Boulevard in El Cerrito employs 75 associates, according to James Roberts, OSH store manager.