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Oshkosh(ŏsh`kŏsh'), city (1990 pop. 55,006), seat of Winnebago co., E Wis., on Lake Winnebago where the Upper Fox River enters; inc. 1846. Its manufactures include automobile parts, wood products, electrical equipment, and machinery; its renowned bib-overalls factory closed in 1997. Oshkosh is a summer resort, noted for its annual experimental aircraft convention. Father AllouezAllouez, Claude Jean
, 1622–89, French Jesuit missionary in Canada and the American Midwest. After arriving (1658) in Canada he served at posts in the St. Lawrence region until 1665, when he went to Lake Superior and founded the Chequamegon Bay mission (near present-day
..... Click the link for more information. visited the site in 1670; French explorers traveled there in the 18th cent.; and a French fur-trading post was set up in the early 19th cent. Oshkosh grew as a lumber town. The downtown area was destroyed by fire in 1875. A branch of the Univ. of Wisconsin is there.