Oskar Kokoschka


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kokoschka, Oskar

 

Born Mar. 1, 1886, in Pöchlarn, Lower Austria. Austrian painter and graphic artist.

Kokoschka studied at the School of Arts and Crafts in Vienna from 1904 to 1909. He worked in Vienna, Dresden (1918–24, becoming a professor at the Academy of Arts there in 1920), Prague (1934–38, professor at the Academy of Arts), London (1938–53), and Salzburg (director of the International Summer Academy for the Study of Creative Arts from 1954).

A representative of expressionism, Kokoschka sought to express a morbid and tragic sense of life in such works as The Storm (1914, Public Art Collection, Basel) and The Power of Music (1918–20, Dresden Picture Gallery). These works reflect a feeling of nervous tension and are distinguished by an abrupt and impulsive manner of execution. At the same time, many of the artist’s landscapes, which are generally representations of cities, are marked by lyricism and rich colors (Venice, 1924; Salzburg, 1950—both in the New Pinakothek, Munich). Kokoschka’s portraits, for example, those of A. Forel (1908, Kunsthalle, Manheim) and I. M. Maiskii (1942–43, Tate Gallery, London), reveal his keen insight into the characters of his sitters. In the Thermopylae Triptych (1954, at the University of Hamburg), Kokoschka’s antifascist views are reflected. Kokoschka was also a poet and playwright.

REFERENCE

Wingler, H. M. Oskar Kokoschka. Munich, 1956.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Corais, Carlos Cruz (9-2010) "O tema do devaneio nos retratos de Kamila Swoboda por Oskar Kokoschka".
A well-born Viennese socialite, she was a notoriously liberated woman; had flirtations at various times with Gustav Klimt, Oskar Kokoschka and Alban Berg; and married Mahler, Gropius and writer Franz Werfel.
For the FGLC Vinzent focuses on major figures such as Oskar Kokoschka and his political paintings and on John Heartfield's photomontages, while those singled out for the Austrian Centre are Georg Ehrlich for his sculptures and drawings and Otto Flatter for his caricatures.
Cernuschi, C., 2000, "Body and Soul: Oskar Kokoschka's The Warrior, truth and the interchangeability of the physical and the psychological in fin-de-siecle Viena" en Art History 23, pp.
The following year at 18 years old she held her first one-person exhibition in London's Bond Street and it attracted the attention of the renowned artist Oskar Kokoschka. So impressed was the great Viennese artist that he invited her to become his pupil in London.
Between 1960 and 1963 she also frequently travelled to Salzburg, Austria, where she collaborated with the famously fiery Expressionist, Oskar Kokoschka.
Housed in a landmark mansion (the former William Starr Miller residence where the Vanderbilts once lived), the collection includes artists Gustav Klimt, Egon Schiele, Oskar Kokoschka and Emil Nolde.
Our sense of the period is enlarged by the proximity of drawings by Schiele's near contemporary Oskar Kokoschka, and by Klimt, who was a generation olden The combination makes clear how closely linked all three artists were.
Oskar Kokoschka's Die Windsbraut on a moment during his passionate