Oskar Schindler

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Oskar Schindler
BirthplaceZwittau, Moravia, Austria-Hungary

Schindler, Oskar,

1908–74, German industrialist who saved more than a thousand Jews during the HolocaustHolocaust
, name given to the period of persecution and extermination of European Jews by Nazi Germany. Romani (Gypsies), homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, the disabled, and others were also victims of the Holocaust.
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. A Catholic and a member of the National Socialist (Nazi) party, Schindler relocated (1939) to Kraków, in German-occupied Poland, and established an armament factory whose workers included Jewish laborers from Nazi camps. Resolving to save as many Jews as possible from the "final solution," he engratiated himself with Nazi officials and employed as many Jews as he could get, listing them as skilled industrial workers when they were not (some were children) and housing them in his own facility. In 1943, after the Kraków ghetto was destroyed, Schindler created a safe sub-camp at his factory.

In 1944, as more Jews were consigned to death camps, Schindler drew up a list of some 1,100, as many as he could afford to obtain, and had them sent to his labor camp in Czechoslovakia, supposedly to produce essential munitions. After Russians liberated the camp (1945), its inmates scattered throughout the world, many immigrating to Israel. Schindler, impoverished by his efforts, received aid from a Jewish welfare group, immigrated to Argentina, and later returned to West Germany. Honored by Israel, he was buried in Jerusalem. His story formed the basis for Thomas KeneallyKeneally, Thomas
, 1935–, Australian novelist, b. Sydney. For a time a student of religion, and later of law, Keneally has ranged over a wide spectrum of subjects in his many novels, including the American Civil War, Nazi Germany, POW camps, and rugby.
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's Schindler's Ark (1982, American title Schindler's List) and the subsequent Steven SpielbergSpielberg, Steven,
1946–, American film director, b. Cincinnati, Ohio. Spielberg began his career as a television director, admired for his understanding portrayal of human character.
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 film (1993).


See T. Keneally, Searching for Schindler (2008); biography by D. M. Crowe (2004); T. Fensch, ed., Oskar Schindler and His List (1995); P. Mietek, The Road to Rescue (2008).

References in periodicals archive ?
MORE than 70 letters of thanks to Oskar Schindler and his wife from Jews they saved in the Second World War are to be sold.
1974: German businessman Oskar Schindler, credited with saving 1,200 Jews from the Holocaust, died at the age of 66.
Everyone knows the name of Oskar Schindler through the 1993 film highlighting his efforts to save thousands of his Jewish factory workers in Poland from the Nazi gas chambers.
PRAGUE After years of disuse and political controversy, a textile factory in the Czech Republic once used by Oskar Schindler, a German industrialist known for rescuing more than 1,000 Jews from the Nazis during World War II, will finally be given new life as a Holocaust memorial and museum.
The text vivifies contributions by Raoul Wallenberg and Oskar Schindler to the rescue of the innocent.
But from the depths of despair rose some very courageous, selfless individuals, such as Oskar Schindler, Raoul Wallenberg and Hannah Senesh, who risked their lives for the sakes of others in need, often for no gain and with no recognition.
Dubbed the British Oskar Schindler, he never saw himself as a hero.
1 SCHINDLER'S LIST (1993) AN OSCARWINNING performance by Liam Neeson as money-loving businessman Oskar SCHINDler who saved 1,100 of his Jewish workforce from the Nazis.
Forty years after his death, a legal battle is playing out in Jerusalem over documents belonging to Oskar Schindler including personal copies of the lists of Jews he saved from the Holocaust.
Steven Spielberg's wonderful movie, "Schindler's List,'' gets a few (very few) things wrong, but nicely captures the paradox that was Oskar Schindler, a Czechoslovakian-born industrialist who, prior to World War II, spied for the German Abwehr (espionage unit), joined the Nazi Party and helped ensure the German takeover of Czechoslovakia in 1939, which hastened Hitler's conquest of Eastern Europe.
10PM Liam Neeson stars as Oskar Schindler, a greedy German businessman who, during the Second World War, becomes concerned at the plight of the Jews and feels compelled to turn his factory into a refuge for them.