Oskar Schindler

Also found in: Wikipedia.
Oskar Schindler
BirthplaceZwittau, Moravia, Austria-Hungary

Schindler, Oskar,

1908–74, German industrialist who saved more than a thousand Jews during the HolocaustHolocaust
, name given to the period of persecution and extermination of European Jews by Nazi Germany. Romani (Gypsies), homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, the disabled, and others were also victims of the Holocaust.
..... Click the link for more information.
. A Catholic and a member of the National Socialist (Nazi) party, Schindler relocated (1939) to Kraków, in German-occupied Poland, and established an armament factory whose workers included Jewish laborers from Nazi camps. Resolving to save as many Jews as possible from the "final solution," he engratiated himself with Nazi officials and employed as many Jews as he could get, listing them as skilled industrial workers when they were not (some were children) and housing them in his own facility. In 1943, after the Kraków ghetto was destroyed, Schindler created a safe sub-camp at his factory.

In 1944, as more Jews were consigned to death camps, Schindler drew up a list of some 1,100, as many as he could afford to obtain, and had them sent to his labor camp in Czechoslovakia, supposedly to produce essential munitions. After Russians liberated the camp (1945), its inmates scattered throughout the world, many immigrating to Israel. Schindler, impoverished by his efforts, received aid from a Jewish welfare group, immigrated to Argentina, and later returned to West Germany. Honored by Israel, he was buried in Jerusalem. His story formed the basis for Thomas KeneallyKeneally, Thomas
, 1935–, Australian novelist, b. Sydney. For a time a student of religion, and later of law, Keneally has ranged over a wide spectrum of subjects in his many novels, including the American Civil War, Nazi Germany, POW camps, and rugby.
..... Click the link for more information.
's Schindler's Ark (1982, American title Schindler's List) and the subsequent Steven SpielbergSpielberg, Steven,
1946–, American film director, b. Cincinnati, Ohio. Spielberg began his career as a television director, admired for his understanding portrayal of human character.
..... Click the link for more information.
 film (1993).


See T. Keneally, Searching for Schindler (2008); biography by D. M. Crowe (2004); T. Fensch, ed., Oskar Schindler and His List (1995); P. Mietek, The Road to Rescue (2008).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
References in periodicals archive ?
Our man starred as Oskar Schindler, a professed Nazi who secretly helped more than 1,000 Jews survive the Holocaust in Steven Spielberg's much-revered tearjerker.
A FORMER secret agent who turned down a date with Oskar Schindler has been talking about her experiences.
As a young man in 1944, Mr Lieban had been rescued from a concentration camp by Oskar Schindler, who smuggled hundreds of Jews to safety, inspiring the Hollywood film directed by Steven Spielberg.
THE widow of Oskar Schindler is demanding pounds 30,000 in damages in a German court after a newspaper published previously unknown letters from her husband, including the original Schindler's List of Jews he wanted to save.
"We know from the letters which we found that Oskar Schindler considered it to be the original.
SCHINDLER'S LIST (1993) Our man starred as Oskar Schindler, a professed Nazi who secretly helped more than 1,000 Jews survive the Holocaust in Steven Spielberg's much-revered tearjerker.
A TEENAGE spy once invited on a date by Oskar Schindler has written a book about her escapades during the Second World War.
OSKAR Schindler's original list of concentration camp prisoners has been discovered.
The 1993 Holocaust epic, starring Liam Neeson as kind-hearted German businessman Oskar Schindler, told how he saved hundreds of Jews from being sent to their deaths in Auschwitz.
During World War Two, Austrian businessman Oskar Schindler strives to save Jews destined for the concentration camps by employing them in his factory - an act of mercy made possible by a deal struck with a sadistic German commandant.
Now families pray every day in the camps of Kukes for the life of the enemy officer who they compare to German Oskar Schindler whose work in saving Jews from Nazi camps was made into hit film Schindler's List.
The list, which names 801 men, women and children, is owned by the family of Oskar Schindler's right-hand man, Itzhak Stern.