Osman I


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Osman I

(ōsmän`) or

Othman I

(ōthmän`), 1259–1326, leader of the Ottoman TurksTurks,
term applied in its wider meaning to the Turkic-speaking peoples of Turkey, Russia, Central Asia, Xinjiang in China (Chinese Turkistan), Azerbaijan and the Caucasus, Iran, and Afghanistan.
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 and founder of the dynasty that established and ruled the Ottoman EmpireOttoman Empire
, vast state founded in the late 13th cent. by Turkish tribes in Anatolia and ruled by the descendants of Osman I until its dissolution in 1918. Modern Turkey formed only part of the empire, but the terms "Turkey" and "Ottoman Empire" were often used
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. The Osmanli or Ottoman Turks derive their name from Osman. He proclaimed (1290) his independence from his overlord, the Seljuk Turks, upon the collapse of their empire. Aided by an influx of Muslim warriors, he expanded his state in NW Asia Minor at the expense of the petty Christian lords who were his neighbors. He nevertheless inaugurated a policy of religious tolerance. Just before his death in 1326, his son and successor, OrkhanOrkhan
, 1288?–1362?, Ottoman sultan (1326–1362?), son and successor of Osman I as leader of the Ottoman Turks. He defeated Byzantine Emperor Andronicus III and conquered large parts of Asia Minor, including Nicaea and Izmit.
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, took the city of Bursa from the Byzantines.

Osman I

 

(Othman I). Born circa 1258; died 1324 or in 1326, in Bursa. Turkish sultan from 1299 or 1300. Founder of the Osman (Ottoman) dynasty of Turkish sultans.

In about 1281, Osman I inherited from his father, Ertogrul, a border principality (uc) in the northwestern part of the sultanate of Konya. When the sultanate collapsed, he became the independent ruler of the Osman principality, after which the Ottoman Empire was named. The name “Osmans” (“Osmanli” in Turkish) extended to the Turkish Kayi tribe headed by Osman. Later it was applied to other Turks, who were the predominating nationality in the Ottoman state. Sometimes the name included all subjects of the sultan.

Osman I

, Othman I
1259--1326, Turkish sultan; founder of the Ottoman Empire
References in periodicals archive ?
Ethiopian-born Osman is accused of trying to blow himself up on a train at Shepherd's Bush in the failed bombings in London two months ago.
Home-grown Everton star Osman is one of a handful of players who are out of contract in the summer and is unhappy with the deal on offer.
Presuming Steven Gerrard starts and Jack Wilshere is involved, Osman is battling against Tom Cleverley and Tom Huddlestone.
And man-of-the-match Osman, who Osman is enjoying his new freedom netted the fourth, was quick to ensure the plaudits went to Fellaini.
Hopefully I'll get the chance to do that." And while Osman is aiming to win his first cap against Sweden tomorrow, he hopes Mersey rivals Steven Gerrard can overcome a knee knock to join England's exclusive 100 club.
Presuming Gerrard will start and Jack Wilshere will be involved for at least part of the game, Osman is battling against Tom Cleverley and Tom Huddlestone, one of three players called up late on Sunday night.
Osman is said to have told his lawyer: "It was just a gesture.
Osman is enjoying the responsibility and thriving on the burden of making all the chances.
Now, not surprisingly, Osman is eager to get back to his very best as the campaign approaches its defining moment; Everton might be habitually slow finishers, but the elegant midfielder believes that is about to change.