Osmeridae


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Related to Osmeridae: rainbow smelt, smelt

Osmeridae

 

a family of bony fishes of the order Clupeiformes. The dorsal fin is short and located in the middle of the body; there is an adipose fin and a swim bladder. There are six genera (approximately ten species)—Osmerus (true smelt), Hypomesus (pond smelt), Mallotus (capelin, one species), Spirinchus, Taleichthys, and Allosmerus.

The fishes are widely distributed in the northern hemisphere; they inhabit the seas and freshwaters of the basins of the North Atlantic and Arctic oceans, as well as the northern parts of the Pacific Ocean. In the USSR they are found in the basins of the Baltic Sea and the Arctic Ocean; representatives of Osmerus, Hypomesus, and Mallotus are also found in the bodies of water of the upper and lower Volga systems. Osmeridae are small fishes that live in schools in deep water and along the benthos. They feed on crustaceans and small fish. Most Osmeridae swim up-stream to rivers for spawning; however, there are strictly marine (Mallotus, Allosmerus) and freshwater (lacustrine smelt) species. The eggs are deposited on bottoms, clinging to rocks or plants. Members of the family Osmeridae are commercially valuable.

REFERENCE

Zhiznzhivotnykh, vol. 4, part 1. Moscow, 1971.

T. N. BELIANINA

References in periodicals archive ?
Arctic lamprey, Lethenteron camtschaticum All Clupeidae Pacific herring, Clupea pallasii All Catostomidae Longnose sucker, Catostomus catostomus All Osmeridae <1 2 Pond smelt, Hypomesus olidus Rainbow smelt, Osmerus mordax Eulachon, Thaleichthys pad ficus Capelin, Mallotus villosus All Salmonidae Dolly Varden, Salvelinus malma Pink salmon, Oncorhynchus gorbuscha Coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch Chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha Chum salmon, Oncorhynchus keta Sockeye salmon, Oncorhynchus nerka All Gadidae 86 23 Arctic cod, Boreogadus saida 82 21 Saffron cod, Eleginus gracilis 1 5 Walleye pollock, Theragra chalcogramma 3 3 Pacific cod, Gadus macrochephalus All Gasterosteidae, stickleback spp.
Season-of-capture estimations for archaeological otoliths recovered from SLO-179 and SLO-267 Estimated Margin Location and taxon age (yr) type SLO-179 Osmeridae (smelt family) 2 translucent Osmeridae (smelt family) <1?
Key words: COI, distribution, genetics, Longfin Smelt, Night Smelt, Osmeridae, Spirinchus starksi, Spirinchus thaleichthys, Washington
Revision of the fishes of the smelt family, Osmeridae. National Museum of Canada, Bulletin 191:1-53.
Eelgrass Species name Common name residency Myliobatididae Myliobatis californica Bat Ray O Clupeidae Sardilrops sagax Pacific Sardine O Salmonidae Oncorliynclms mykiss Steelhead O Osmeridae Hyponresus pretiosus Surf Smelt T Osmeridae spp.
Shiner perch Cymatogaster aggregata Shortbelly rockfish Sebastes jordani Short-finned squid Ilex illecebrosus Silver hake Merluccius bilinearis Skates Rajidae Smelts Osmeridae Spiny dogfish Squalus acanthias Spotted cusk eel Chilara taylori Squid/Octopus Cephalopoda Staghorn sculpin Leptocottus armatus Starry flounder Platichthys stellatus Walleye pollock Theragra chalcogramma White croaker Genyonemus lineatus Windowpane flounder Scophthalmus aquosus Yellowfin goby Acanthogobius flavimanus Yellowtail flounder Pleuronectes ferrugineus Table 3.--Summary of the current statut of the pinniped stocks reviewed.
A comparative study of the feeding habits of herring (Clupea harengus, clupeidae, L.) and capelin (Mallotus villosus, Osmeridae, Muller) in the Barents Sea.
Fishes collected were primarily smelt, Osmeridae; herring, Clupea harengus; and anchovies, but scientists also captured Pacific barracuda, Pacific bonito, albacore, Thunnus alalunga; yellowtail, and rockfish.
Smaller prey items such as herring (Clupeid spp.), sculpin (Leptocottus armatus), lamprey (Petromyzontid spp.), smelt (Osmeridae) and anchovy (Engraulis mordax) were consumed in greater quantity but they were not always a large proportion of the reconstructed biomass.
1997 1998 Family Egg Species type Density FO Density FO Anguillidae Anguilla rostrata -- 0.004 2 Clupeidae Clupea harengus D 0.009 4 0.072 15 Osmeridae Mallotus villosus D 0.022 5 Gadidae Enchelyopus cimbrius P 0.034 11 Gadus morhua P 0.002 1 0.022 5 Microgadus tomcod D 0.007 2 Pollachius virens P 0.007 3 Labridae Tautogolabrus adspersus P 0.007 3 Stichaeidae Lumpenus lampraetiformis D 0.086 23 Ulvaria subbifurcata D 0.462 41 0.014 5 Stichaeus punctatus D 0.014 3 Pholidae Pholis gunnellus D 0.099 27 1.428 75 Cryptacanthodeidae Cryptacanthodes maculatus D 0.054 12 0.294 33 Ammodytidae Ammodytes sp.