Osnabrück

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Osnabrück

(ôs'näbrük`), city (1994 pop. 168,078), Lower Saxony, NW Germany, on the Hase River, linked by canal with the Midland Canal. It is an inland port, a rail junction, and an industrial center, with iron and steel mills, machinery plants, and factories that manufacture textiles, paper, and motor vehicles. Located on the site of an ancient Saxon settlement, Osnabrück was made (783) an episcopal see by Charlemagne. The city became a member of the Hanseatic League and a center of the linen trade. It accepted the Reformation in 1543; however, the cathedral remained Catholic, and under the Peace of Westphalia (see Westphalia, Peace ofWestphalia, Peace of,
1648, general settlement ending the Thirty Years War. It marked the end of the Holy Roman Empire as an effective institution and inaugurated the modern European state system.
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)—one of whose treaties was signed (Aug., 1648) in the Osnabrück city hall—the see was occupied alternately by Catholic and Lutheran bishops. The bishopric of Osnabrück was secularized in 1803, and the city passed (1815) to Hanover at the Congress of Vienna. The Catholic diocese was restored in 1857. Osnabrück was badly damaged in World War II. Noteworthy buildings include the three-towered cathedral (begun 783, burned down 1254; rebuilt in Romanesque style with Gothic additions); the Gothic Church of St. Mary (c.1300); and the city hall (1487–1512). Osnabrück also contains a teachers college (housed in a 17th-century palace) and a museum.

Osnabrück

 

a city in the Federal Republic of Germany, in the Land of Lower Saxony. Population, 143,500 (1971). Osnabrück has a port on a branch of the Middle Land Canal. Industries include metallurgy, machine building, and textile production.

References in periodicals archive ?
University of Osnabruck, Germany Translated by Suzan Meves
A large part of Ahlstrom's coated papers are also produced in Europe at sites in Stenay, France, and Osnabruck, Germany.
In his new position he will manage the group's continental European business--which includes four factories in Germany, Poland and France--from its head offices in Osnabruck, Germany.
Luckily, Mr Tilling, now a plant operator at Port Talbot steelworks, had learned first aid training and resuscitation skills while in the military serving with the Royal Engineers from 1990-1996 in Osnabruck, Germany.
During the summer, nearly 6,000 servicemen and women transferred from their barracks in Osnabruck, Germany, to their new homes at Catterick - the largest such troop movement since 1963.
The conference, "Sustainable Pharmacy: Strategies and Perspectives for Development, Use and Emission Management of Pharmaceuticals," April 24-25, 2008, Osnabruck, Germany, will convene over the international state of research in sustainable pharmacy.
Brigadier Jamie Gordon, responsible for Army morale, spoke out after an open letter from a serviceman criticising conditions at Belfast Barracks in Osnabruck, Germany.
A military court in Osnabruck, Germany, heard Scots-born MacGlashan had studied divinity but the Church of Scotland felt he was an "unsatisfactory" candidate for the clergy.
Social Economics, University of Osnabruck, Osnabruck, Germany
Michael Fluegge of Osnabruck, Germany showcases his Cheyenne style shield in this issue's Crafter'sCorner.
Michael "Dixie" Dickson who served in the British Army, led a mortar assault on barracks in Osnabruck, Germany, in 1996.
She gave birth to their first child, Bradley, a week before Cooley was sent to stand trial in Osnabruck, Germany The news came as the Ministry of Defence announced that Cooley and his former comrade Gary Bartlam had had their sentences reduced.