Osroene

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Osroene

(ŏsrōē`nē), ancient kingdom of NW Mesopotamia, in present-day SE Turkey and NE Syria. EdessaEdessa
, ancient city of Mesopotamia, on the site of modern Şanlıurfa, Turkey. It emerged in the 4th cent. B.C. as Orrhoe, or Arrhoe, and was later named Edessa by Seleucus I of Syria. From c.137 B.C. it was the capital of the independent kingdom of Osroene.
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 was its capital. It broke away (2d cent. B.C.) from the Seleucid empire and formed a separate kingdom. It came under Roman rule late in the 2d cent. A.D.