Osroene


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Osroene

(ŏsrōē`nē), ancient kingdom of NW Mesopotamia, in present-day SE Turkey and NE Syria. EdessaEdessa
, ancient city of Mesopotamia, on the site of modern Şanlıurfa, Turkey. It emerged in the 4th cent. B.C. as Orrhoe, or Arrhoe, and was later named Edessa by Seleucus I of Syria. From c.137 B.C. it was the capital of the independent kingdom of Osroene.
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 was its capital. It broke away (2d cent. B.C.) from the Seleucid empire and formed a separate kingdom. It came under Roman rule late in the 2d cent. A.D.
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9) It holds the distinction of having been the capital of the first Christian state, Osroene, whose king Abgar the Great, an Arab, converted to Syriac Christianity around 200.
De temporum ratione, Corpus Christianorum Series Latina 123B [Brepols, Belgium: Turnhout, 1977], 503); in Expositio acta apostolorum: "Iudas uero Iacobi, id est frater Iacobi, idem est qui in euangeliis uocatur Taddeus, missus que est Aedissam ad Abgarum regem Osroenae, ut ecclesiastica tradit historia" [Indeed, Jude, who is the brother of James, who is likewise called Thaddeus in the Gospels, was sent to Edessa to King Abgar of Osroene, as the church history relates] (M.
V, Hannan, mensajero de Abgaro de Osroene (se trata de Abgaro de Osroene V Ukhama, que reino del 4 a.
The author also describes the strategic importance of Chalcis and the implications of the loss of the trans-Euphrates provinces, Mesopotamia and Osroene.
The little buffer state of Osroene, on the Roman imperial frontier, was the early base of a remarkable Christian movement.