Osteochondrosis


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Related to Osteochondrosis: osteochondritis

osteochondrosis

[‚äs·tē·ō‚kän′drō·səs]
(medicine)
A disease characterized by avascular necrosis of ossification centers followed by regeneration. Also known as Calvé's disease; Kienböck's disease; Köhler's disease; Osgood-Schlatter disease; Scheuermann's disease.

Osteochondrosis

 

any one of a group of primarily inflammatory diseases of the subcartilaginous portions of long tubular bones and apophyses of short bones of the skeleton that result from specific suppurative infections, for example, tuberculosis, or—less commonly—nonspecific suppurative infections of bones and joints. Osteochondrosis can be provoked by colds and microtraumas caused by physical overexertion. In severe cases, all the bones and joints may be affected. Noninflammatory changes in bones and joints can also be classified as osteochondroses.

The clinical symptoms of osteochondrosis are pain and limited movements in the affected joints. The disease can be detected by roentgenographic examination, but no specific treatment exists. Rest and immobilization in a functionally correct position serve to prevent bone deformities, while the pain can be diminished by heat applications and treatment in a health resort.

References in periodicals archive ?
2008) The effects of dietary nutrients on osteochondrosis lesions and cartilage properties in pigs.
Primary joint problems that can injure articular cartilage and lead to DJD include hip dysplasia, osteochondrosis (OCD), cranial cruciate rupture in the knee, and traumatic injury.
He read them out slowly, the medical conditions too difficult for him to pronounce: osteochondrosis, arachnoiditis, and cerebral angiodystonia.
Common fractures, stress fractures, ligamentous injuries, rheumatologic conditions and various osteochondrosis & osteonecrosis disorders, for example, are succinctly described without excessive medical detail.
Osteochondrosis is an abnormality of cartilage, the tissue on the ends of bones.
Perthes disease is an osteochondrosis of the proximal femoral epiphysis.
Degeneration often begins at the intervertebral disc (often diagnosed as intervertebral osteochondrosis or spondylosis), progresses to the vertebral body and joints (osteoarthritis), and spreads to nearby soft tissue.
Debbie's vet also detected a heart problem, and a special-ist diagnosed chronic airway disease and osteochondrosis, a common growth condition in young dogs.
Among the most common bone abnormalities in young horses are osteochondrosis and OCD (osteochondritis dissecans) lesions.
The work includes 86 chapters organized into sections on general principles, arthrodesis, arthroplasty, amputations, infections, tumors, nontraumatic soft-tissue disorders, congenital anomalies, osteochondrosis, nervous system disorders in children, fractures and dislocations in children, the spine, sports medicine, arthroscopy, fractures and dislocations, peripheral nerve injuries, microsurgery, the hand, and the foot and ankle.
The first of these research tools, SNP chips, will allow researchers to define underlying genetic factors that influence highly heritable as well as common equine diseases, such as tying up, heaves, laminitis and osteochondrosis.