63) At the beginning of November 1938 the Gestapo provided a list of 1,097 vehicles that were confiscated in the Ostmark
region and which were now being used by the NSDAP or one of its sections.
Ademas se debe considerar la ocurrencia de otras plagas del pseudotallo como los taladradores (Castniomera humboldti Boisduval y Castnia licus Drury), barrenadores (Odoiporus longicollis Olivier) presente en el oriente (Gold y Messiaen 2000, Ostmark
1974) y varias especies de las familias Aphididae como Pentalonia nigronervosa, asi como otros representantes de las familias Coccidae, Diaspididae, Thripidae, Scarabaeidae (Cubillo et al.
INTERESTINGLY, that P ostmark
rating puts Ambobo 20lb ahead of anything Gold Medallist has produced and 21lb superior to Royal Paradise's Leopardstown win nine days ago, yet both are shorter in the current market.
On 6 February 1990, Chancellor Kohl decreed that West Germany would exchange the DM for the ostmark
at a ratio of one to one, which compared with a free market exchange rate of 7 to 1 (Marsh 1992, 178).
At the time of monetary union, earnings in East Germany were about a third of those in West Germany, given the one-for-one exchange rate, having already risen by severalfold in ostmark
terms up to June 1990.
Chancellor Kohl's politically motivated decision to swap every Ostmark
for one hard D-mark at almost five times black market rates and boost eastern wages has proved economically ill-fated - crippling the competitiveness of chronically subsidised industries and forcing millions out of work.
In the author's quest for the truth, he uses documentary materials from twenty-nine German and Austrian archives and focuses on what happened to the Gypsies in Germany, the Ostmark
(annexed Austria), the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia (the Czech Republic) and Alsace-Lorraine.
In the subsequent analysis of the ostmark
revaluation effects due to the chosen conversion rate (Figure 2), assume that the above-mentioned terms of trade effects were already accommodated by the East German economy.
Chancellor Kohl's decisiveness in boldly choosing a 2:1 rate between the ostmark
and the deutsche mark, despite the opposition of the Bundesbank, bears the hallmark of Alexander).
The rules of the Monetary Union between West and East Germany prescribed that current incomes, such as wages and transfers, were converted by a ratio of 1 Ostmark
to 1 Deutschmark.
He said, "An ostmark
is the same as a deutsche mark.
Faced with this continuing fiscal stimulus, together with rising wages in the Eastern Lander, the generous rate at which Ostmark
savings balances were converted into D-mark deposits and uncertainty as to whether past monetary relationships would hold good in the enlarged Germany, the Bundesbank progressively tightened monetary policy.