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Related to Ostraciidae: boxfish



a family of marine fishes of the order Tetrodontiformes. The head and body are covered with a carapace of immobile fused bony plates. Only the fins are movable, on short fleshy bases; ventral fins are absent. The tail is long, and the mouth, which is located on the lower side of the head, is small. The carapace, as a rule, has several keels, or ridges, and strong immobile spines. The body measures up to 30 cm long. Most species are brightly colored.

There are three genera, Aracana, Ostracion, and Lactophrys, which are widely distributed on the continental shelf zone of all tropical seas. The majority of species are found along the shores of Australia and the Malay Archipelago. The fishes have poor mobility; they feed on benthic invertebrates, frequently crushing those with hard shells with their powerful jaws. They lay their eggs on the bottom. Ostraciidae have no commercial importance.


Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 4, part 1. Moscow, 1971.
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1984) Fishing Area Family Atlantic Ocean Hemiramphidae Hemiramphidae Belonidae Excoetidae Balistidae Carangidae Clupeidae Hemiramphidae Kyphosidae Labridae Florida Bay Hemiramphidae Hemiramphidae Belonidae Clupeidae Sparidae Belonidae Hemiramphidae Carangidae Gerreidae Haemulidae Ostraciidae Sphyraenidae Tetradontidae Fishing area Common name Atlantic Ocean Ballyhoo Balao Needlefishes Flyingfishes Leatherjackets Jacks Herrings Smallwing flyingfish Sea chubs Wrasses Florida Bay Ballyhoo Silverstripe halfbreak Herrings Porgies Needlefishes Hardhead halfbreak Jacks Mojarras Grunts Boxfishes Barracudas Puffers Fishing area Frequency n Percentage Atlantic Ocean 185 15,280 70.
Tangs V Acanthurus bahianus Ocean surgeon V T Acanthurus coeruleus Blue tang V Scombridae Thunnus atlanticus Blackfin tuna Tr Balistidae Balistidae Triggerfish V Balistes vetula Queen triggerfish V P, T Canthidermis sufflamen Ocean triggerfish V P, Sn Melichthys niger Black durgon V P, Sn Xanthichthys ringens Sargassum triggerfish V Cantherhines macrocerus Whitespotted filefish V Ostraciidae Lactophrys sp.
Unidentifed filefish Ostraciidae, Boxfishes 158 Lactophrys spp.