Ostraciidae


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Related to Ostraciidae: boxfish

Ostraciidae

 

a family of marine fishes of the order Tetrodontiformes. The head and body are covered with a carapace of immobile fused bony plates. Only the fins are movable, on short fleshy bases; ventral fins are absent. The tail is long, and the mouth, which is located on the lower side of the head, is small. The carapace, as a rule, has several keels, or ridges, and strong immobile spines. The body measures up to 30 cm long. Most species are brightly colored.

There are three genera, Aracana, Ostracion, and Lactophrys, which are widely distributed on the continental shelf zone of all tropical seas. The majority of species are found along the shores of Australia and the Malay Archipelago. The fishes have poor mobility; they feed on benthic invertebrates, frequently crushing those with hard shells with their powerful jaws. They lay their eggs on the bottom. Ostraciidae have no commercial importance.

REFERENCE

Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 4, part 1. Moscow, 1971.
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Because Brachaluteres, within the filefish lineage, is separated from the puffers by several noninflating lineages ([ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 1 OMITTED], Ostraciidae, Triodon, and the Molidae) the presence of a limited inflation behavior in Brachaluteres clearly represents a second, convergent case of the origin of inflation behavior in tetraodontiform fishes.
and 2 Epinephelus sp., 17 Scaridae sp., 4 Labridae sp., 2 Holocentridae sp., and 1 each of Acanthuridae sp., Lethrinidae sp., Ostraciidae sp.
Tangs V Acanthurus bahianus Ocean surgeon V T Acanthurus coeruleus Blue tang V Scombridae Thunnus atlanticus Blackfin tuna Tr Balistidae Balistidae Triggerfish V Balistes vetula Queen triggerfish V P, T Canthidermis sufflamen Ocean triggerfish V P, Sn Melichthys niger Black durgon V P, Sn Xanthichthys ringens Sargassum triggerfish V Cantherhines macrocerus Whitespotted filefish V Ostraciidae Lactophrys sp.
Overall, twelve families were restricted to seagrass habitats: phycid hakes (Phycidae), toadfishes (Batrachiodidae), batfishes (Ogcocephalidae), flyingfishes (Exocoetidae), cardinalfishes (Apogonidae), barracudas (Sphyraenidae), wrasses (Labridae), combtooth blennies (Blenniidae), mackerels (Scombridae), triggerfishes (Balistidae), boxfishes (Ostraciidae), and porcupinefishes (Diodontidae; Table 1).
Unidentifed filefish Ostraciidae, Boxfishes 158 Lactophrys spp.
The rarest families were Dasyatidae, Scorpenidae, Zanclidae and Ostraciidae, each represented by a single species accounting for < 0.01% of total abundance.
In the larger group (801-950 mm), 11 dolphinfish ate mostly triggerfishes (Balistidae), boxfish (Ostraciidae), and flyingfishes.
Lactophrys quadricornis es una especie de pez de la familia Ostraciidae que se caracteriza por presentar el cuerpo corto, cuboide y estar encerrado en un caparazon constituido por escamas de laminas hexagonales firmemente unidas entre si, excepto en el pedunculo caudal (Cervigon 1966).