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(ô`strävä), formerly

Moravská Ostrava

(mô`räfskä), Ger. Mährisch Ostrau, city (1991 pop. 327,371), NE Czech Republic, in Moravia, near the junction of the Oder and Ostravice rivers. It is the heart of the Ostrava-Karviná industrial and mining region, the most heavily industrialized area of the Czech Republic. Coal, important to the city for some 200 years and the reason it was nicknamed "black Ostrava," is no longer mined; the city's major industries now include metallurgy, engineering, and information technology. One of the Czech Republic's largest cities, Ostrava is a regional administrative center, a road and rail hub, and the site of several hydroelectric stations.

Ostrava was well known as a small town in the Middle Ages and later became important because of its strategic location guarding the Moravian Gate, the entrance to the Moravian lowlands. The city's industrial prominence dates from the late 19th cent., after the opening of its first coal mine and the coming of the railroad. The modern city was created in 1924 by the merger of seven towns. German forces occupied Ostrava from 1939 to 1945. The city is a cultural and educational center, noted especially for its technical university and mining museum. The St. Wenceslas church (14th cent.) is Ostrava's oldest building; the Cathedral of the Divine Savior was completed in 1889.

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Moravská Ostrava), a city in Czechoslovakia, in the Czech Socialist Republic, situated on the Oder (Odra) River at its confluence with the Ostravice and Opava rivers. It is the capital of the North Moravian region. Population, 278,700 (1970).

Ostrava is a major transportation junction. It is the center of an important coal and metallurgy region that developed because of its proximity to the Ostrava-Karviná Coalfield. The K. Gottwald Vítkovice Metallurgical Combine and the new Kunčice Metallurgical Combine are located in Ostrava and the immediate vicinity. The city’s main industries include the coal, chemical, and coke and coke-oven industries, as well as heavy machine building. Ostrava has a specialized machine-building school and a college of mining and metallurgy.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


an industrial city in the E Czech Republic, on the River Oder: the chief coal-mining area in the Czech Republic, in Upper Silesia. Pop.: 316 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The remaining young vultures from Ostrava were previously sent to reinforce the European breeding base, she said.
24 August 2017, Hlublna Coal Mine, Ostrava. Ostrava Days Festival.
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The party, which included Harper and Howey, explored Ostrava, where Pavel first gained recognition as a professional footballer.
Similar attitudes were observed in both Ostrava and Brno, regardless of the fact that Brno is a city with typical inner urban structures that reflect the individual historical phases of its urban development and the development of urban brownfields (Tousek and Mulicek, 2003; Drkosova, 2005; Kunc and Tonev, 2008).
ArcelorMittal is offering CZK4,000 per share, based on an independent expert valuation of ArcelorMittal Ostrava a.s.
Magistrates were shown a video and photographs of the four-minute terrace battle with Ostrava supporters.
A permanent opera company originated in Ostrava in 1919, in the fledgling Czechoslovak Republic, as a section of the new National Moravian-Silesian Theatre.
The shareholders of ArcelorMittal Ostrava a.s on Friday agreed at an Extraordinary General Meeting in Ostrava that steel company ArcelorMittal (Luxembourg:MT) (Euronext:MT) (NYSE:MT) would acquire the 3.57% of the company's shares that it does not already own.
Flight Options spokesman Miles Saward said: "We had everybody ringing at once and a popular thought for Boro fans is flying to Prague, although Ostrava is over on the other side of the country.
The first biennial Ostrava Days was organised in 2001, and the response in the Czech Republic and abroad has been considerable since then.
The Ostrava Days Institute--three-week (!) composition courses focused on work with orchestra (!) has come into existence, and composers and performers with international reputations have been coming to Ostrava as lecturers.