Rudolf Island

(redirected from Ostrov Rudolfa)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Rudolf Island

 

the northernmost island in the Franz Josef Land archipelago in Arkhangel’sk Oblast, RSFSR. Area, approximately 297 sq km. Rudolf Island is composed primarily of sandstones and basalts and is almost entirely covered by an ice sheet. Its shores are steep and rocky. The explorer J. von Payer named the island after the crown prince of Austria-Hungary. Rudolf Island has often been used as a base for expeditions to the North Pole. A polar research station has been on the island since 1936.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.