Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Oświęcim(ôshvyĕN`chēm), Ger. Auschwitz, town (1992 est. pop. 45,100), Małopolskie prov., SE Poland. It is a railway junction and industrial center producing chemicals, leather, and agricultural implements. There are coal deposits in the vicinity. In World War II the Germans organized a concentration campconcentration camp,
a detention site outside the normal prison system created for military or political purposes to confine, terrorize, and, in some cases, kill civilians.
..... Click the link for more information. system there, consisting of 3 main and 30 forced-labor camps. At the Brzezinka (Ger. Birkenau) extermination camp as many as 4,000,000 prisoners, mostly Jews, were killed.
(German, Auschwitz), a city in southern Poland, at the confluence of the Vistula and Sola rivers, in Bielsko Województwo. Population, 41,000 (1972). The city has a chemical plant for organic synthesis, food-processing enterprises, and a leather factory. There is a museum on the site of the former fascist German concentration camp of Auschwitz.