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(ôshvyĕN`chēm), Ger. Auschwitz, town (1992 est. pop. 45,100), Małopolskie prov., SE Poland. It is a railway junction and industrial center producing chemicals, leather, and agricultural implements. There are coal deposits in the vicinity. In World War II the Germans organized a concentration campconcentration camp,
a detention site outside the normal prison system created for military or political purposes to confine, terrorize, and, in some cases, kill civilians.
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 system there, consisting of 3 main and 30 forced-labor camps. At the Brzezinka (Ger. Birkenau) extermination camp as many as 4,000,000 prisoners, mostly Jews, were killed.



(German, Auschwitz), a city in southern Poland, at the confluence of the Vistula and Sola rivers, in Bielsko Województwo. Population, 41,000 (1972). The city has a chemical plant for organic synthesis, food-processing enterprises, and a leather factory. There is a museum on the site of the former fascist German concentration camp of Auschwitz.

References in periodicals archive ?
The dispatch from September 25 read: "The Germans intend completely to liquidate the internment camps at Oswiecim and Buchenwald.
Before the outbreak of war in 1939, Oswiecim was home to a thriving Jewish community, which made up about 58% of the population.
Visiting the Polish State Museum in Oswiecim, covering the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camps, is perhaps the ultimate in Dark Tourism.
However, the new dance club is in Oswiecim (osh-VYEN-chim), Poland, a town better known by its German name, Auschwitz, as the site of one of Nazi Germany's most infamous death camps.
It's March in the small town of Oswiecim, Poland, also known as Auschwitz.
for a new polystyrene facility in Oswiecim, Poland, approximately 300 kilometers south of Warsaw.
Contract award notice: Collection and management of municipal waste from owners of real estate, Where residents live from the area of oswiecim commune in the period from 1 january 2018 to 31 december 2019.
Regional police spokesman Mariusz Ciarka said the Britons born in 1997 and 1998 could get up to 10 years in prison for stealing objects of historical value from the site in the southern city of Oswiecim.
The 17-year-old boys, who were on a school trip, were spotted acting suspiciously yesterday at the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in southern Poland, and were held at the police headquarters in Oswiecim until yesterday afternoon.
Oswiecim, Poland -- For what may be the last time, elderly Holocaust survivors returned to the infamous Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp 70 years after its liberation Tuesday, to urge the world never to forget one of history's worst atrocities.
Clapton's 90-minute set was the final performance of the annual Oswiecim Life Festival, an event founded in 2010 with the aim of using music and the arts to fight anti-Semitism, racism, and xenophobia, sending "a message of peace and tolerance" from the place that is a universal symbol of the Holocaust.