The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(departure), a term used in Russian sources from the 14th to the 16th century to denote the right of feudal lords to transfer their services from one suzerain to another. The right of of’ezd, exercised by boyars and vol’nye slugy (free servitors), was guaranteed in contractual documents; the last such agreement was concluded in 1531. After the political unification of the principalities of northeastern Rus’, the conditions for ot”ezd disappeared in this area. In the first half of the 16th century, some feudal nobles interpreted ot”ezd as the right to go abroad freely; the central government however, began to regard ot”ezd as treason.


Cherepnin, L. V. Obrazovanie Russkogo tsentralizovannogo gosudarstva v XIV-XV vv. Moscow, 1960.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.