Othniel Charles Marsh

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Marsh, Othniel Charles


Born Oct. 29, 1831, in Lockport, N.Y.; died Mar. 18, 1899, in New Haven, Conn. American paleontologist.

Marsh graduated from Yale University and did graduate work in Berlin, Breslau (now Wroclaw), and Heidelberg. From 1866 he was a professor at Yale University and director of the geology and paleontology departments of the Peabody Museum, which was subsequently made part of Yale University. He collected and described rare Mesozoic fossil mammals (the genera Dryolestes and Priacodon), as well as pterodactyls, Ichthyornis and Hesperornis, mesosaurs, dinosaurs, and Dinocerata. He constructed a genealogical tree of the horse based on American materials. Marsh was the first to investigate the brain size of fossil mammals. He also created a stratigraphic scale for the American continental series of the Mesozoic and Cenozoic.


Odontornithes…. Washington, 1880.
Dinocerata. … Washington, 1885.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
As commissioner from 1873 to 1875, Smith spent much time facing charges lodged by William Welsh and Othniel Marsh. While much of this material is familiar from Olson's Red Cloud and the Sioux Problem (which is not in Armstrong's bibliography) Sioux specialists may wish to consider the longer account provided by Armstrong, which is understandably sympathetic to Smith.
Two giants of paleontology, Othniel Marsh and Edward Cope, collected for Yale's Peabody Museum and Philadelphia's Academy of Natural Sciences.
Many were collected by Othniel Marsh while he headed the U.S.