Otitis

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Related to Otitis Media with Effusion: Glue ear, Acute otitis media

otitis

[ō′tīd·əs]
(medicine)
Inflammation of the ear.

Otitis

 

inflammation of the external, middle, or internal ear.

Otitis externa affects the skin of the auricle and external auditory meatus and proceeds with the formation of furuncles and eczema, as in other skin inflammations.

Otitis media may be acute or chronic. The acute form results from the penetration of microbes into the middle ear from the nose and nasopharynx in influenza and other infectious diseases. It occurs more often in children than in adults, because children are more susceptible to colds and adenoids. The symptoms are shooting pains in the ear, loss of hearing, elevated temperature, and suppurative discharges from the ear that often appear in the first day and sometimes even the first hours of the disease. In infants, acute otitis media causes restlessness and insomnia. The baby cries, turns its head, holds the affected ear with its hand, and refuses the breast because pain in the ear intensifies with swallowing. The inflammation is treated by tamponade with an alcoholic solution of boric acid or some other antiseptic; in some cases the tympanic membrane is punctured by paracentesis. In most cases, recovery is possible with prompt treatment. However, if the body is debilitated and other conditions are unfavorable, the disease may become chronic, in which case pus is discharged from the ear, and hearing is permanently impaired. Inflammation of the internal ear and meningitis—inflammation of the brain membranes—are possible complications.

Inflammation of the internal ear—labyrinthitis, or otitis interna—arises not only with otitis media but often in children with epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis. When labyrinthitis is diffuse, all or almost all the endings of the acoustic nerve in the internal ear die, and complete or almost complete deafness results. With localized labyrinthitis hearing is partly preserved. Labyrinthitis is treated with antibiotics and surgery of the temporal bone.

REFERENCE

Temkin, Ia. S. Ostryi otit i ego oslozhneniia, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1955.

L. V. NEIMAN

References in periodicals archive ?
of autoinflation in 4- to 11-year-old school children with otitis media with effusion in primary care.
diagnosis 1 44 No No ETD 2 62 No No ETD 3 23 No No 4 51 No No 5 35 No No 6 74 No No ETD 7 71 No No 8 65 No No 9 70 No No 10 80 Yes No Acute SOM 11 54 No No 12 54 No No ETD 13 53 No No 14 72 No No 15 40 No No 16 58 No No ETD 17 69 No No 18 53 Yes No History of labyrinthectomy 19 76 Yes Yes Chronic OME 20 66 No No 21 55 No No ETD 22 58 No No ETD 23 47 No No 24 60 No No 25 63 No No 26 50 No No 27 48 No No 28 56 No No Key: ETD = eustachian tube dysfunction; SOM = serous otitis media; OME = otitis media with effusion.
In this article, we describe the results of a study we conducted to compare the development of middle ear changes in patients who had undergone either tympanostomy tube insertion or conservative measures for the treatment of otitis media with effusion (OME).
In patients with small, chronically infected adenoids, adenoidectomy may be beneficial in otitis media with effusion by decreasing the efflux via the eustachian tube.
American Academy of Family Physicians; American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery; American Academy of Pediatrics, Subcommittee on Otitis Media With Effusion.
3] The true incidence of otitis media with effusion (OME) is difficult to estimate as the disorder is by definition asymptomatic.
Craniofacial morphology and otitis media with effusion in children.
Chronic otitis media with effusion is a persistent inflammation of the middle ear, in which effusion fluid is retained in the middle ear cavity.
Glue ear is the popular name for Otitis Media with Effusion (OME), a consequence of earlier acute infection of the middle ear.
Otitis media with effusion, atelectasis, and Eustachian tube dysfunction.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Otolaryngologists developed a new stainless steel device to insert into the ear that provides an easier, safer and faster treatment for a common problem associated with earaches, chronic otitis media with effusion.