Otomí (ōtōmēˈ), a Macro-Otomanguean language spoken by Native Americans of W central Mexico. See Native American languages.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a major contemporary Indian people of Mexico. The Otomi live in the states of Guanajuato, Querétaro, and Hidalgo, with isolated groups in San Luis Potosí, Puebla, and Michoacán. Population, approximately 300,000 (1961, estimate). The Otomi language belongs to the Otomian-Mixtecan-Zapotecan language family.

The Otomi are apparently the descendants of the most ancient inhabitants of Mexico. Catholicism is their official religion, although traditional beliefs, cast in Christian form, have been preserved. Farming is the people’s chief occupation. The Otomi have retained their traditional culture with considerable pre-Hispanic elements.


Narody Ameriki, vol. 2. Moscow, 1959.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.