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(ōtōmē`), a Macro-Otomanguean language spoken by Native Americans of W central Mexico. See Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a major contemporary Indian people of Mexico. The Otomi live in the states of Guanajuato, Querétaro, and Hidalgo, with isolated groups in San Luis Potosí, Puebla, and Michoacán. Population, approximately 300,000 (1961, estimate). The Otomi language belongs to the Otomian-Mixtecan-Zapotecan language family.

The Otomi are apparently the descendants of the most ancient inhabitants of Mexico. Catholicism is their official religion, although traditional beliefs, cast in Christian form, have been preserved. Farming is the people’s chief occupation. The Otomi have retained their traditional culture with considerable pre-Hispanic elements.


Narody Ameriki, vol. 2. Moscow, 1959.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In southwestern Mexico, Microsoft is engaged as one of the community partners in efforts to preserve languages spoken in the region, specifically Yucatec Maya and Queretaro Otomi. By using AI, Microsoft has helped to protect endangered languages.
And then there's Humildad Galvan, who acts as guardian of the tradition of ceremonial tortillas of the Otomi communities of the Laja River Basin.
Specifically, we visited the north region of Puebla State, characterized by the Nahuatl language; an interstate region located between Puebla and Hidalgo states, where two different ethnolinguistic groups (Nahuatl and Otomi) were established; the center-west region of Oaxaca State, where the Zapoteco indigenous language is more predominant; the Central region of Guerrero State, characterized by the indigenous language Mexicano; and the Southeast region of Mexico, comprising the states of Campeche and Yucatan, where the language Maya is still spoken.
Imax covered a number of looks in its themed introductions, including two groups of outdoor-friendly products; its new licensed line with the PGA Tour; and fun, brightly colored products based on the designs from the Otomi, an indigenous people in central Mexico.
"Our harvest is the most valuable thing we have," says Torres, who was born into the Otomi indigenous community in Chila de Juarez.
El plan de innovacion de la cafeticultura en el estado de Hidalgo, elaborado en el ano 2010, detecto en orden de importancia los siguientes aspectos que enfrentaba la cefeticultura en la Region Otomi Tepehua: plantaciones viejas, pobreza-falta de recursos economicos para la inversion, plagas y enfermedades en la planta, plaga en la sombra-chalahuite, asesoria y capacitacion, falta de poda y manejo en el tejido productivo (SAGARPA, AMECAFE, et al, 2011).