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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(also Turarband, Tarband, Farad), a city once situated on the middle Syr Darya; its site is now located 7 km northeast of the Timur railroad station.

Otrar existed from the first century B.C. until the 16th century A.D. From the fifth to 15th centuries it was an important trading center on the route from Iran and Middle Asia to Siberia, Mongolia, and China. In 1218, by order of the Khwarazmian shah Muhammad’s deputy, the merchants of Genghis Khan were killed in Otrar; this precipitated the Mongol-Tatar invasion of Middle Asia. Timur died in Otrar in 1405. In the 16th century the city fell into neglect and was deserted by its remaining inhabitants.


Bernshtam, A. N. “Drevnii Otrar.” Izv. AN Kazakh. SSR: Seriia arkheologii, 1951, fasc. 3, no. 108.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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en Otrar, a orillas del Syr, el 14 de Febrero de 1405" ("Timur" 1321).
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