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(also Turarband, Tarband, Farad), a city once situated on the middle Syr Darya; its site is now located 7 km northeast of the Timur railroad station.

Otrar existed from the first century B.C. until the 16th century A.D. From the fifth to 15th centuries it was an important trading center on the route from Iran and Middle Asia to Siberia, Mongolia, and China. In 1218, by order of the Khwarazmian shah Muhammad’s deputy, the merchants of Genghis Khan were killed in Otrar; this precipitated the Mongol-Tatar invasion of Middle Asia. Timur died in Otrar in 1405. In the 16th century the city fell into neglect and was deserted by its remaining inhabitants.


Bernshtam, A. N. “Drevnii Otrar.” Izv. AN Kazakh. SSR: Seriia arkheologii, 1951, fasc. 3, no. 108.
References in periodicals archive ?
President Muttonen continues her visit to Kazakhstan on Saturday with a number of activities in the Otrar district.
3) Tamerlane or Timur (born 1336 in Kesh, near Samarkand in modern Uzbekistan, Transoxania died February 19, 1405, in Otrar near Chimkent), Turkic conqueror of Islamic faith whose conquests spanned from India and Russia to the Mediterranean Sea.
Archeologists is working hard to reveal remnants of the historical Otrar city where in the Central Asia.
It has been seen that the study titled "Values of Prospective Teachers", carried out by Sirin and Otrar (2000), is parallel to the contents of this study.
en Otrar, a orillas del Syr, el 14 de Febrero de 1405" ("Timur" 1321).
It was a freezing cold winter, with the country deep in snow and the rivers frozen solid, and the army halted at Otrar in what is now Kazakhstan.
In 1991, he directed The Fall Of Otrar, an award-winning epic.
220 The Mongols attacked Chorasmia in 1219, after an incident in which the governor of Otrar had executed some Mongolian merchants.
In my ancient Otrar, high above which flew a flag of honor a brave man of uncommon courage and devotion saved our native land from misery.
19, 1405, Otrar, near Chimkent [now in Kazakhstan])
The scale, which is based on Dunn's theory of learning styles, was developed by Otrar (2006) and consists of 99 items.