Otroch Monastery

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Otroch Monastery


(or Monastery of the Assumption of Mary), a monastery in Tver’ (now Kalinin), on the left bank of the Volga River at the Volga’s confluence with the Tvertsa River. It was established in the second half of the 13th century.

Before the conquest of Tver’ by Ivan III Vasil’evich in 1485, Otroch Monastery was the largest monastery-landholder and cultural center of the Tver’ Principality. In the early 14th century one of its monks, Akindin, wrote “An Epistle to Mikhail Iaroslavich of Tver’,” in which he argued for the primacy of secular power over spiritual and the right of the prince to intervene in the affairs of the church. Somewhat later, the “Tale of the Death of Mikhail of Tver’ Among the Horde” was written, probably by the abbot of Otroch Monastery, Aleksandr. The tale sharply attacked the Tatar-Mongol domination of Rus’. Maksim Grek lived in Otroch Monastery in a state of opala (official disgrace) from 1531 to 1551.


Zverinskii, V. V. Material dlia istoriko-topograficheskogo issledovaniia o pravoslavnykh monastyriakh v Rossiiskoi imperii, vol. 2, St. Petersburg, 1892, no. 1032; vol. 3, St. Petersburg, 1897, no. 1856.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The peasant households of the Zheltikov Monastery increased only from 40 in 1653-61 to 47 in 1678, and those of the Otroch Monastery rose from 70 in 1653-61 to 96 in 1678.
The peasant households of the Tver' Zheltikov Monastery increased only from 47 in 1678 to 52 in 1700, and those of the Otroch Monastery rose from 96 in 1678 to 132 in 1700.