The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in Russia in the early 20th century, a tract of land detached from communal allotment land and designated as the private property of individual peasants.

Otruba were established under the Stolypin agrarian reform. The peasant received a field allotment but, unlike the peasant on a khutor (farmstead), he could not build a house on the land. After receiving their otruba, many poor peasants sold them. The otrub and khutor land holdings established between 1907 and 1916 accounted for 10.3 percent of all peasant households and 8.8 percent of the allotment land. There were twice as many otruba as khutory. The otrub ceased to exist after the Decree on Land was adopted by the Second All-Russian Congress of Soviets in 1917, followed by land repartitions in the Soviet countryside.


Pershin, P. N. Uchastkovoe zemlepol’zovanie v Rossii. Moscow, 1922.
Pershin, P. N. Agramala revoliutslia v Rossii, book 1. Moscow, 1966.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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