Otto III

Otto III,

980–1002, Holy Roman emperor (996–1002) and German king (983–1002), son of Holy Roman Emperor Otto II and the Byzantine princess Theophano. On Otto's accession Henry the Wrangler, the deposed duke of Bavaria, attempted to become his guardian and then to obtain the crown, but the plot was frustrated and Henry was forced to abandon it, although he was restored in Bavaria. Instead, Theophano was regent until her death in 991, and Otto's grandmother Adelaide succeeded her until 994. Otto established his cousin Bruno in the vacant papacy as Gregory V (996) and restored him (998) after his expulsion by a Roman revolt. After Gregory's death (999), Otto installed his tutor Gerbert of Aurillac as pope (see Sylvester IISylvester II,
c.945–1003, pope (999–1003), a Frenchman (b. Auvergne) named Gerbert; successor of Gregory V. In his youth he studied at Muslim schools in Spain and became learned in mathematics and astronomy.
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). His pilgrimage (1000) to the grave of his friend St. AdalbertAdalbert, Saint
, 956–97, bishop of Prague, b. Bohemia. He was a missionary in Russia, Prussia, and Poland and was martyred in Danzig. He is patron of Bohemia and Poland. Feast: Apr. 23.
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 gave him the opportunity to strengthen the influence of his "ecclesiastical empire" against Germany's eastern neighbors. The scion of both the Western and Eastern imperial houses and remarkably well educated, Otto III was at the same time noted for his asceticism and religiosity. In 998 he settled in Rome, hoping to make this the seat of his empire, which would include German, Italian, and Slavic lands. He tried unsuccessfully to establish a permanent imperial administration. In 1001 discontented Romans rioted and forced Otto to flee the city. He was planning to attack Rome when he died. Otto was succeeded by Henry IIHenry II,
973–1024, Holy Roman emperor (1014–24) and German king (1002–24), last of the Saxon line. He succeeded his father as duke of Bavaria. When Otto III died without an heir, Henry, who was Otto's second cousin and the great-grandson of Henry I, was
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, son of Henry the Wrangler.
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References in periodicals archive ?
He covers archbishops and church provinces in the early medieval Latin church, the founding of the Archbishopric of Gniezno: religious premises and political consequences, and Otto III's political thought and spirituality.
Ottonian imperial art and portraiture; the artistic patronage of Otto III and Henry II.
As Gerbert of Aurillac, he studied and taught astronomy and mathematics in France, Spain, Italy, and at the court of Otto III, the German Roman Emperor.
In the 10th century the spear came to Germany's Otto III. In a magnanimous gesture, he gave it to his conquered enemies, the Poles, who have kept the relic in their treasury in Krakow.
The prime suspect is Holy Roman Emperor Otto III, who is commonly thought to have lived around 1000.
Alison Peden considers the implications of Neo-Platonic speculations on the relationship of number to the divine order of the universe, as exemplified in Abbo of Fleury's Commentary, for Otto III's notions of imperial unity.
According to Tramontin, 13, John the Deacon reports that Emperor Otto III stayed overnight at San Zaccaria in 1000.
Well, at least that's the official line, but he was really handpicked by his friend, the German emperor, Otto III.
1000, Otto III, the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation, paid a visit to Charlemagne's tomb.
takes us through his anger at the simony and sexual corruption of priests and through his mixed allegiance to Gregory VII and Otto III. He found aspects of the lay life to his liking, namely, their rejection of the simony and sexual mores of the clergy.
This was particularly the case after the disastrous end of the regime of Otto II, when his widow, the Byzantine princess Theophanu, served as co-regent of Germany with Adelheid on behalf of her child, Otto III. Clearly the life of such a person has to be viewed in phases, in which one ideal makes way for another (marriage, motherhood, widowhood).