Otto Klemperer


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Related to Otto Klemperer: Bruno Walter, Herbert von Karajan
Otto Klemperer
Birthday
BirthplaceBreslau, Silesia Province, Germany
Died
Occupation
Conductor
Composer

Klemperer, Otto

(ô`tō klĕm`pərər), 1885–1973, German conductor, b. Breslau. Klemperer studied in Frankfurt and Berlin. Working first in Prague, he later conducted the Berlin State Opera (1927–33), introducing new works by Janáček, Schoenberg, Stravinsky, and Hindemith. With the rise of the Nazi regime, he went to the United States where he conducted the Los Angeles Philharmonic (1933–39). Klemperer was celebrated for his interpretations of Beethoven, Mahler, and Richard Strauss. In 1938 he directed the reorganization of the Pittsburgh Orchestra. In 1946 he returned to Europe, where he conducted in Hungary, Germany, and England.

Bibliography

See his Minor Recollections (1964).

Klemperer, Otto

 

Born May 14, 1885, in Breslau, present-day Wroclaw, Poland; died July 7, 1973, in Zürich. German conductor.

Klemperer began his training at the conservatory in Frankfurt am Main in 1901; he later studied in Berlin. He made his debut in 1906. Klemperer conducted at opera houses in Prague, Hamburg, Strasbourg, Cologne, and Wiesbaden. He was a conductor at the Berlin Kroll Opera from 1927 to 1931 and at the Berlin State Opera from 1931 to 1933. He left Germany in 1933 and became the conductor of the Los Angeles Philharmonic (USA); he held this position until 1939. From 1947 to 1950, Klemperer directed the Budapest Opera House; at the same time, he and W. Felsenstein staged the opera Carmen at the Berlin Comic Opera Theater. He lived in London and worked with the London Philharmonic until his death. In 1961 and 1962, Klemperer was responsible (as conductor and director) for the staging of the operas Fidelio by Beethoven and The Magic Flute by Mozart at Covent Garden. He toured many countries and performed several times in the USSR (first time in 1924.).

Klemperer was one of the most important conductors of the 20th century. His interpretations were distinguished by their breadth and profound understanding of the composers’ intentions. His talents were best revealed in his interpretations of Beethoven, Brahms, Mahler, and Mozart. Klemperer wrote several works, including the opera Das Ziel, symphonies, Masses, works for piano, and vocal and instrumental pieces.

WORKS

“Moi vospominaniia. . . .” In Ispolnitel’skoe iskusstvo zarubezhnykh stran, issue 3. Moscow, 1967. Pages 193–225.

REFERENCE

Bollert, W. “O. Klemperer.” Musica, 1955, vol. 9.
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Her singing was respected by Richard Strauss (she premiered the roles of the Composer in the second version of Ariadne auf Naxos, and the Dyer's Wife in Die Trau ohne Schatten, while the Marschallin from Der Rosenkavalier was her signature role) and Puccini (who wrote complimentary letters after hearing her sing the roles of Suor Angelica and Manon), as well as conductors Otto Klemperer, Bruno Walter, and Arturo Toscanini, to mention only a few.
Otto Klemperer, New Philharmonia and Philharmonia Orchestras.
Friedlander stresses three intersecting dimensions of the Holocaust: the ideological, the institutional, and the personal (from witnesses who survived, like Primo Levi, Otto Klemperer and Filip Muller, and others who did not, like Etty Hillesum and Calel Perechodnik), building them into a grand tragic narrative in a style at once passionate and controlled.
The list of conductors who have written or lectured about Mahler is scant: Bruno Walter and Otto Klemperer (who were more concerned with their knowledge of Mahler personally than analysis of his works), Hans Zender, Norman del Mar, and Fritz Stiedry, who did indeed analyze individual works of Mahler but were not well-known enough to challenge the research of musicologists with new ideas.
So did Otto Klemperer - who wrote six symphonies and nine string quartets - and Bruno Walter.
Otto Klemperer, a Jew, survived the raid and fled, crossing Germany until he reached the Allied lines and safety.
SHE had a sleepless night in Amsterdam in the next bedroom to Otto Klemperer, waiting for the fire alarm to go off -Otto was notorious for setting his bedclothes alight with cigaretteends.
Afortunadamente, antes de 1938 lograron salir o fueron expulsados miles de intelectuales y artistas judios y no judios, entre los que se contaban musicos de la talla de Schonberg, Alban Berg, Hindemith, Krenek, Kurt Weil, Fritz y Adolf Busch, Feuermann, Artur Schnabel, Bruno Walter, Otto Klemperer, Erich Kleiber y muchos mas.
He had links going back to the composer Richard Strauss, and knew all the leading conductors from Wilhelm Furtwangler and Otto Klemperer through to Karl Bohm and Herbert Von Karajan.
In the popular 1960s TV series, Klemperer, son of famed symphony conductor Otto Klemperer, played the comically incompetent Nazi commandant of a WWII German prisoner of war camp.
The 11-time champion, moving onto the 50-winner mark for 1998, plucked the front-running tactics straight from the textbook, conducting more changes in tempo than baton-wielder of legend Otto Klemperer.
The roster of conductors who have performed Still's works includes Pierre Monteux, Antal Dorati, Sir John Barbirolli, Fritz Reiner, Eugene Ormandy, George Szell, Eric Leinsdorf, Leopold Stokowski, Artur Rodzinski, Sir Hamilton Hardy, Eugene Goossens, Guy Fraser Harrison, Howard Hanson, and Otto Klemperer.