Otto Liebmann

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Liebmann, Otto


Born Feb. 25, 1840, in Löwenberg (Lwówek śląski), Silesia; died Jan. 14, 1912, in Jena. German early neo-Kantian philosopher.

Liebmann became a privatdocent at the University of Tübingen in 1865, a professor at Strasbourg in 1872, and a professor at Jena in 1882. Liebmann’s work Kant und die Epigonen (1865) called for a return to Kant. Rejecting the notion of the thing-in-itself, Liebmann built his philosophy on those aspects of Kant’s teaching that he considered permanently valid: apriority and phenomenalism.

According to Liebmann, the external world is only a phenomenon within the intellect that perceives it; therefore it is subordinate to the laws of the intellect. Liebmann held that any metaphysical system can claim only to offer a hypothetical explanation of the essence of the world. The notion of immanent laws of consciousness determining the entire world of human cognition was central to the idealistic system of Liebmann.


Zur Analysis der Wirklichkeit. Berlin, 1876.
Gedanken und Tatsachen, vols. 1–2. Strasbourg, 1882–1904.


“Zum 70. Geburtstag O. Liebmanns: Festschrift der ’Kant-Studien.’” Kant Studien, 1910, vol. 15.


References in periodicals archive ?
No se trata del kantismo de Natorp o Cohen, sino de aquel con el que Nietzsche estuvo en contacto desde el principio de su actividad filosofica, a saber, el de la generacion de Friedrich Albert Lange (quien llamara a Cohen a Marburgo), de Afrikan Spir o de Otto Liebmann. Parte de la tesis central consiste en suponer que los textos de Nietzsche en general, pueden leerse, como ya lo dijo Rudiger Schmidt, (3) como palimpsestos de lecturas cientificas llevadas a cabo por Nietzsche durante alrededor de veinte anos.
As noted, Part One is entitled "Varieties of Naturalism." In the second chapter of the book (the first being the introduction), Emden argues that the historical key to understanding Nietzsche's naturalism lies with what he calls the "first generation" neo-Kantians (20), who include Friedrich Albert Lange, Afrikan Spir, and Otto Liebmann. What is distinctive of these thinkers is a form of skepticism about unmediated access to the world, something obviously shared by Kant, but the grounds of which lie in a posteriori considerations drawn from the cognitive sciences, physiology, and biology (e.g., 22-3).
With the rallying cry, Zuruck zu Kant!, Otto Liebmann thus ushered in a spiritual rebirth of Kantianism, reestablishing philosophy as a sober epistemological reflection on empirical science.
The editor has organized the thirty-three contributions that make up the main body of the text in four parts devoted to the beginnings of the resurgence as shown in the writings of Hermann Von Helmholtz, Otto Liebmann, Friedrich Albert Lange, and Rudolf Hermann Lotze, the Marburg School, the Southwest School, and responses and critiques.