Otto Ludwig

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ludwig, Otto


Born Feb. 12, 1813, in Eisfeld; died Feb. 25, 1865, in Dresden. German writer.

In Ludwig’s drama The Hereditary Forester (1850, published 1853) the realistic portrayal of characters and the social milieu is combined with elements of the “tragedy of fate.” His attempts (such as the tragedy The Maccabees, 1854) to create a historical monumental dramaturgy were not very successful. The realist tendencies maniest themselves most clearly in the novella Between Heaven and Earth (1856) and in Ludwig’s short stories, which depict the life of the petite bourgeoisie and artisans of Thuringia. Ludwig’s Shakespeare Studies (published in 1871) is a contribution to the theory of drama.


Gesammelte Schriften, vols. 1-6. Leipzig, 1891.
Sämtliche Werke, vols. 1-6. Edited by P. Merker. Munich-Leipzig, 1912-22.


Mering, F. “Otto Liudvig.” In his Literaturno-kriticheskie stat’i, vol. 2.
Moscow-Leningrad, 1934.
Meyer, A. Die asthetischen Anschauungen Otto Ludwigs. Winterthur, 1957.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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(24) However, of those who fell under Schmidt's sway, the ablest literary critic and theorist was not Freytag, but Otto Ludwig, who from the early 1850s wrote a large number of Epische Studien which reformulate Schmidt's ideas, often in a slightly more philosophical register.
McClain, Between Real and Ideal: The Course of Otto Ludwig's Development as a Narrative Writer, 2nd edn (New York: AMS, 1969), p.
Best known today for his long novella Zwischen Himmel und Erde, Otto Ludwig (1813-1865) also aspired to be a successful dramatist.
The term 'Poetic Realism' is usually ascribed to the novelist and critic Otto Ludwig. It denotes the attempt to depict everyday life truthfully while 'transfiguring' it poetically.
This large section of the book contains worthwhile model analyses of novellas and poems by Otto Ludwig, Theodor Storm, Gottfried Keller, Conrad Ferdinand Meyer, Klaus Groth, and Theodor Fontane.