Otto Neurath


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Neurath, Otto

 

Born Dec. 10, 1882, in Vienna; died Dec. 22, 1945, in Oxford. Austrian philosopher, sociologist, and economist. One of the founders and leaders of the Vienna circle.

Neurath lived in Holland from 1934 to 1940. In 1941 he settled in Great Britain, where he taught at Oxford University. Neurath’s philosophical and sociological views eclectically combined the materialism inherent in natural sciences with logical positivism. Neurath believed that the criterion of truth applying to protocol (basic) propositions of science—selected by scientists through agreement—was in the final analysis these propositions’ noncontradiction of other assertions of a given science.

Regarding the unification of knowledge as the most important task of the philosophy of science, Neurath assumed that this could be attained by means of a “unified language of science,” which would be based on the languages of physics and mathematics (this point of view was referred to as radical physicalism). Neurath himself was primarily concerned with the translation of statements of psychology and sociology into such a language. With R. Carnap, he was a contributor to and the editor in chief of the International Encyclopedia of Unified Science (1938–40).

In his sociopolitical views, Neurath was an Austro-Marxist. He took part in the revolutionary fighting of 1918–23 in Austria and Germany and in the struggle against fascism.

WORKS

Vollsozialisierung und Arbeiterorganisation. Reichenberg [1920].
Anti-Spengler. Munich, 1921.
Antike Wirtschaftsgeschichte, 3rd ed. Leipzig-Berlin, 1926.
Lebensgestaltung und Klassenkampf. Berlin, 1928.
Empirische Soziologie. Vienna, 1931.
Le Développement du cercle de Vienne et I’avenir de I’empirisme logique. Paris, 1935.
International Picture Language. London, 1936.
Modern Man in the Making. [New York]–London, 1939.
Foundations of the Social Sciences. Chicago, 1954.

I. S. DOBRONRAVOV

References in periodicals archive ?
En 1936 Otto Neurath recogia en "International Picture Language" los principios del trabajo iniciado veinte anos atras en torno al metodo y proyecto Isotype.
On the third floor, samples of Otto Neurath's 1930s-era attempt to create an entirely pictographic language--the International System of Typographic Picture Education, or isotype--were coupled with the wall-spanning installation RainCarNation, 2017, by Babi Badalov, a Paris-based Azerbaijani artist whose work hinges on linguistic elisions and strategic miscommunication.
Otto Neurath (1882-1945)--a utopian economist and sociologist, philosopher of science, museum director, and educator--is best known as one of the central figures in the Vienna Circle and inventor of the pictorial statistical system known today as Isotype.
Part of a two-volume set, this first volume aims to bring a wide-ranging and representative selection of the works of Austro-MarxismAEs leading thinkers, including Otto Bauer, Karl Renner, Rudolf Hilferding, Max Adler, Friedrich Adler, and Otto Neurath to an English-speaking audience.
No Congresso Internacional de Filosofia da Ciencia, realizado em 1935 em Paris, Otto Neurath, integrante do grupo de pensadores conhecido como Circulo de Viena, apresentou o projeto de uma Enciclopedia Internacional da Ciencia Unificada (cf.
BILSTON CRAFT GALLERY, MOUNT PLEASANT, WOLVERHAMPTON: Bilston's Happy Housing: Otto Neurath's Vision for Post-War Modern Living, exploration of Viennese urban planner's vision for creating happiness through housing in Bilston, until May 2.
Here the famous philosopher and sociologist Otto Neurath found it necessary to have a person--a 'transformer'--who linked the worlds of the expert and the artist.
La traduccion al ingles de la obra de Otto Neurath en los anos setenta del siglo xx dio comienzo a nuevos analisis de la filosofia del Circulo de Viena y a nuevas investigaciones historicas y filosoficas que trabajaron con fuentes tales como la correspondencia personal entre los miembros del Circulo y con personalidades academicas de Europa y Estados Unidos, y a esa luz reinterpretaron algunas de las fuentes ya conocidas.
So it is that McGuinness has been involved with publications relating to Frank Ramsey, Ludwig Boltzmann, Hans Hahn, Moritz Schlick, Karl Menger, Felix Kaufmann, Otto Neurath, and, of course, Waismann.
Among the figures discussed are communist Walter Wodak, economist and philosopher Otto Neurath, communist journalist Rita Hausdorff, trade unionist Hans Gottfurcht, and anarchist writer Karl Otten.
La "unidad de la ciencia" fue un esfuerzo integral y heroico de los filosofos del "Circulo de Viena", principalmente de Otto Neurath y Rudolf Carnap, por esbozar los "principios unificadores de la ciencia", centrados, segun pensaban, en los principios del positivismo logico desarrollado en la decada de 1930.
This is possible because of the 'clean' modernist graphic appearance of the charts, combined with their statistical content and the fact that Isotype's inventor, Otto Neurath, was a founding member of the Vienna Circle and a renowned (or notorious) logical positivist.