Rank, Otto

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Rank, Otto

(ôt`ō rängk), 1884–1937, Austrian psychoanalyst; one of Sigmund Freud's first and most valued pupils. He early employed Freudian techniques to clarify the underlying significance of myths, producing the classic paper Der Mythus von der Geburt des Helden (1909; tr. Myth of the Birth of the Hero, 1914). Rank, in collaboration with Hanns Sachs, founded the psychoanalytic journal Imago in 1912. Rank's theoretical views, diverging from those of Freud, gave the birth trauma, rather than the Oedipus complex, the central position in the causation of psychoneurosis, claiming all neurotic anxiety to be a repetition of the physiological phenomenon of birth. As a therapist, he attempted to reduce the time required for a successful psychoanalysis to a few months. Rank emigrated to the United States a few years before his death. Among his writings are The Trauma of Birth (tr. 1929), Art and Artist (tr. 1932), Modern Education (tr. 1932), and Will Therapy (tr. 1936).

Bibliography

See studies by E. Menaker (1982) and E. J. Lieberman (1983).

References in periodicals archive ?
School of Medicine) and Kramer (a leading authority on Otto Rank) use the letters of Sigmund Freud and his pupil Otto Rank from the period of 1906 through 1925 to reconstruct and provide critical insight into the early development of psychoanalysis.
overviews additional influences on his work including shamanism; psychoanalysts (especially Otto Rank and Sandor Ferenczi); Gestalt therapist Fritz Perls; and others who promoted action-oriented therapies.
Elizabeth Danto bases her work on extensive examination of over twenty archival sources in the United States and Europe, ranging from the Archives of the New York Psychoanalytic Society to the Otto Rank papers at Columbia University to the Archives of the Sigmund Freud Foundation in Vienna.
Otto Rank, a student/colleague of Freud, had difficulty with Freud's absolute view of determinism and suggested a theory of free will that could function side-by-side with Freud's principle of causality.
But, in a discussion of familial relations, gender roles, and dreams, Kimball also extends her reading to include the works of Carl Jung and Otto Rank.
The work of Otto Rank, who broke with Freud over his contention that the central trauma of human life was separation, is helpful here.
It makes sense that Lewisohn wrote an introduction to the essays of Otto Rank at about this time (1932), for Lewisohn understood the psychoanalytic roots of Germany's trauma in its "thoroughly neurotic condition" after being forced to sign an admission of guilt at Versailles and to pay huge reparations (p.
Freud's closest protege, Otto Rank, noted the "anti-Oedipal" tendency displayed by children trying to keep their parents together when divorce loomed, and cautioned against the rigid application of the Oedipus complex to individual patients.