Otto Struve


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Struve, Otto

 

Born Aug. 12, 1897, in Kharkov; died Apr. 6, 1963, in Berkeley, Calif. American astronomer.

The son of L. O. Struve, O. Struve graduated from the University of Kharkov in 1919. In 1920 he emigrated to the USA. He became an assistant in astronomy at the Yerkes Observatory of the University of Chicago in 1921. He was made a professor at the university in 1932. Between 1932 and 1947 he was director of the Yerkes and McDonald observatories. From 1959 to 1962 he was director of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory at Green Bank, W. Va. Struve was vice-president of the International Astronomical Union from 1948 to 1952 and president from 1952 to 1955. He became a foreign member of the Royal Society of London in 1952.

Struve’s research was devoted to problems in theoretical and applied stellar spectroscopy. He did work on the determination of the radial velocities of stars and investigated the phenomenon of stellar rotation. In addition, he carried out studies on the spectra of peculiar stars, interstellar gas, and H II fields of ionized hydrogen. He set forth a hypothesis on the evolution of stars.

WORKS

Stellar Evolution. Princeton, 1950.
In Russian translation:
Evoliulsiia zvezd: Dannye nabliudeniia i ikh istolkovanie. Moscow, 1954.
Elementarnaia astronomiia, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1967. (With B. Lynds and H. Pillans.)
References in periodicals archive ?
After presenting the scientific case with lawyerly precision, Otto Struve explains, "The important thing, however, is not .
Gerard Kuiper, Otto Struve, and Bengt Stromgren proposed in 1937 that an enormous, semi-transparent "shell star" partially eclipses the F supergiant, with electrons in its illuminated side scattering light to account for the eclipse properties.
Remarkably, they're all components of the multiple-star system Otto Struve (O[summation]) 461.
Named in honor of its designer, Otto Struve, in 1966, it remains in active use by astronomers.
1-meter (82-inch) Otto Struve reflector near Fort Davis, Texas.
2[degrees], May 22, 22h UT (crater Otto Struve tipped our way near full phase) Max.
Russian-American astronomer Otto Struve was the first to discuss in modern literature the possibility of detecting planets around other stars by the transit method.
Otto Struve 300 (O[SIGMA] 300) in Serpens Caput is bright yellow and faint blue, a common combination.
So wrote Otto Struve, who in 1959 became the first director of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory in Green Bank, West Virginia.
Fortunately Otto Struve, who was determined to build the world's best astrophysics department at Chicago, was able to hire Chandra, and there Chandra stayed for the rest of his life.
This article was prepared by Otto Struve, a giant of 20th-century astronomy.