Otto Struve


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Struve, Otto

 

Born Aug. 12, 1897, in Kharkov; died Apr. 6, 1963, in Berkeley, Calif. American astronomer.

The son of L. O. Struve, O. Struve graduated from the University of Kharkov in 1919. In 1920 he emigrated to the USA. He became an assistant in astronomy at the Yerkes Observatory of the University of Chicago in 1921. He was made a professor at the university in 1932. Between 1932 and 1947 he was director of the Yerkes and McDonald observatories. From 1959 to 1962 he was director of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory at Green Bank, W. Va. Struve was vice-president of the International Astronomical Union from 1948 to 1952 and president from 1952 to 1955. He became a foreign member of the Royal Society of London in 1952.

Struve’s research was devoted to problems in theoretical and applied stellar spectroscopy. He did work on the determination of the radial velocities of stars and investigated the phenomenon of stellar rotation. In addition, he carried out studies on the spectra of peculiar stars, interstellar gas, and H II fields of ionized hydrogen. He set forth a hypothesis on the evolution of stars.

WORKS

Stellar Evolution. Princeton, 1950.
In Russian translation:
Evoliulsiia zvezd: Dannye nabliudeniia i ikh istolkovanie. Moscow, 1954.
Elementarnaia astronomiia, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1967. (With B. Lynds and H. Pillans.)
References in periodicals archive ?
1-meter Otto Struve Telescope at the University of Texas 's McDonald Observatory, astronomers have discovered pulsations from the crystalized remnant of a burnt-out star.
UT enlisted the University of Chicago to design and build the operation under the direction of Otto Struve, a Russian-born, fourth-generation astronomer who operated the McDonald Observatory for 30 years, ushering it into the UT-led era.
On 29 December 1846 Otto Struve supported the name Neptune [4] and it became internationally accepted.