Rose Oil

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Related to Otto of Roses: Rose absolute

rose oil

[′rōz ‚ȯil]
(materials)
Transparent, combustible, yellow-to-green or red essential oil with fragrant scent and sweet taste; solidifies at 18-37°C; steam-distilled from rose flowers; used in flavors, perfumes, and medicines. Also known as attar of roses; otto of rose oil; rose flower oil.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Rose Oil

 

(also attar of roses), an essential oil extracted from rose petals, chiefly by steam distillation. It is a thick (transparent at 30°C), yellowish liquid with an odor of roses. Density, 0.950–0.990 g/cm3 (20°C). Rose oil has more than 200 constituents, including phenylethyl alcohol, the terpene alcohols citro-nellol, nerol, geraniol, and linalool, the ethers of these alcohols, and aliphatic aldehydes. Stearoptenes (basically paraffins) make up that part of rose oil (~5 percent) that is insoluble in alcohol under normal conditions. Rose oil is used primarily in the manufacture of high-grade perfume and cologne.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.