Ottorino Respighi


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Respighi, Ottorino

(ôttōrē`nō rāspē`gē), 1879–1936, Italian composer, studied with Rimsky-Korsakov and Max Bruch. He was director (1924–25) of the Conservatory of St. Cecilia, Rome, afterward teaching advanced composition there until his death. Among his romantic symphonic poems are The Fountains of Rome (1917), The Pines of Rome (1924), and Roman Festivals (1929), which evoke Italian scenes and show him a master of orchestration. He wrote other orchestral works, chamber music, piano pieces, and operas, including Belfagor (1923; a comic opera), The Sunken Bell (1927; based on Hauptmann's Die versunkene Glocke), The Flame (1934), and the posthumously produced Lucrezia (1937), which was finished by his wife, Elsa.

Bibliography

See biography by E. Respighi (tr. 1962).

Respighi, Ottorino

 

Born July (or June) 9, 1879, in Bologna; died Apr. 18, 1936, in Rome. Italian composer. Son of a musician.

Respighi graduated from the Liceo Musicale Bologna in 1899. He studied with L. Torchi and G. Martucci. From 1900 to 1903 he was a violist with the orchestra of the Italian Opera Company in St. Petersburg and Moscow. He studied with N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov, whose picturesque orchestral style greatly influenced him. Respighi performed as a violinist, violist, pianist, and conductor. In 1913 he became a professor of composition at the Royal Conservatory of St. Cecilia in Rome. He served as director of the conservatory in 1924–25.

Respighi’s most popular compositions are his orchestral works, including the symphonic poems The Fountains of Rome (1916), The Pines of Rome (1924), and Roman Festivals (1928). He also wrote the operas Belfagor (1923), La campana sommersa (1927), and La fiamma (1934); ballets; symphonic, chamber instrumental, and vocal compositions; and many adaptations. Respighi’s work is characterized by impressionistic and neo-classical tendencies.

REFERENCES

Krein, Iu. “Ottorino Respigi.” Sovetskaia muzyka, 1960, no. 8.
Respighi, E. Ottorino Respighi. [Milan, 1954.]

M. L. SLOBODENIUK

References in periodicals archive ?
9) Ottorino Respighi, Concerto Gregoriano, (Vienna: Universal Edition, 1922).
1) Se recomienda la audicion del poema sinfonico Fontane di Roma de Ottorino Respighi.
Perhaps best-known for his concert-hall orchestral blockbusters such as The Pines of Rome (recorded song of a nightingale and all) and The Fountains of Rome, Ottorino Respighi (1879-1936) also had a more reserved, scholarly side to him.
He and his colleagues in the industry put out the works of Paul Hindemith, Ernest Bloch, Igor Stravinsky, Manuel de Falla, Ottorino Respighi, Dmitri Shostakovich, Darius Milhaud, Jacques Ibert, Arthur Honegger, Francis Poulenc, Alban Berg, Anton Webern, Erich Wolfgang Korngold, Karol Szymanowski, Bela Bartok, Zoltan Kodaly, Kurt Weill, Arnold Schoenberg, Richard Strauss, Leos Janacek, Frederick Delius, Carl Nielsen, Edward Elgar, Sergey Rakhmaninov, Jean Sibelius, and others.
The first featured orchestral works by Ottorino Respighi, Paul Hindemith and Florent Schmitt, the second is titled "Music from the Machine Age" and the third was released to coincide with the orchestra's debut at the BBC Proms and includes "Scheherazade" by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov and works by Mily Balakirev, Mikhail Ippolitov-Ivanov and Ulvi Cemal Erkin.
Elsa Olivieri Sangiacomo, wife of Ottorino Respighi and a composer in her own right, set four poems (Quattro liriche) from the Rubaiyat of Omar Khayam.
Ahora si que estoy entre Ottorino Respighi, Lizt y Berlioz.
He alternated among the five fiddles - as he endearingly calls them - to play pieces by Ottorino Respighi, Ernest Bloch and George Gershwin.
Artistic director Glen Cortese will conduct music by Felix Mendelssohn, Ottorino Respighi, Antonio Salieri and Gioacchino Rossini.
The program includes selections by Francesco Tosti, Stefano Donaudy, Ottorino Respighi, Joaquin Turina, Manuel Ponce, Alberto Ginastera and Carlos Guastavino.