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(both: wägədo͞o`go͞o), city (1991 est. pop. 634,500), capital of Burkina Faso. It is the nation's largest city and its administrative, communications, and economic center. Ouagadougou is also the trade and distribution center for an agricultural region whose main crop is peanuts. The city's industry is limited to handicrafts and the processing of food and beverages. It has an international airport, rail connections with Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire, and road links with Niamey, Niger. Ouagadougou was founded in the late 11th cent. as the capital of a MossiMossi
, African people, numbering about 2.5 million, mostly in Burkina Faso. From c.A.D. 1000 the Mossi were organized into several kingdoms, one of which has continued to the present day.
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 empire ruled by the moro naba [ruler of the world]. It remained a center of Mossi power until 1896, when French forces captured it.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the capital and chief political and cultural center of Upper Volta. Population, 250,000 (1975). Ouagadougou is situated on a plateau between the Volta Noire and Volta Blanche rivers, at an elevation of 300 m. The city has an arid subequatorial climate. The average January temperature is 24.4°C, and the average July temperature is 31.5°C. The average annual precipitation is 884 mm.

Ouagadougou, a highway junction and the terminus of a railroad line from Abidjan (Ivory Coast), has an international airport. The city has industrial enterprises for cotton ginning, rice polishing, and the processing of peanuts and shea kernels for oil, soap, and oil cake. There are three slaughterhouses, a bicycle assembly plant, and a footwear factory. The Center for Higher Education was founded in Ouagadougou in 1969 and designated a university in 1974; the university has a library housing more than 12,000 volumes. Other educational institutions include the Technical Center of Tropical Forests, the Voltaic Center for Scientific Research, which has a library with 3,500 volumes, and the Institute for Tropical Agronomical Research.

Ouagadougou was founded in the 15th century and until the late 19th century was the capital of one of the Mossi states. From 1919 to 1932 and from 1947 to 1960 it was the capital of the French possession of Haute-Volta. In August 1960 the city became the capital of the Republic of Upper Volta.

Ouagadougou, built according to a regular plan, is divided into two districts by the railroad. The southern district is the center of the main administrative and public buildings and commercial firms, while the northern section is mainly residential. In the southwestern part of Ouagadougou is found the U-shaped palace of the morho naba, which has two-story towers along its sides and an open terrace on the lower floor.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


the capital of Burkina-Faso, on the central plateau: terminus of the railway from Abidjan (C?te d'Ivoire). Pop.: 870 000 (2005 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Le president de la Cote d'Ivoire Alassane Ouattara est arrive ce mardi a Ouagadougou, ou il prendra part a la 8eme Conference du Traite d'amitie et de cooperation entre les deux pays.
The capital Ouagadougou has been attacked three times.
The attack, which took place in the town of Toulfe located 240 kilometres northwest of Ouagadougou, marked the latest in a string of assaults on Christian places of worship in the region.
The attack on Sunday took place in Dablo, about 124 miles from the capital, Ouagadougou.
The consignment and the accompanying delegation were received at Ouagadougou airport by Minister of Defence of Burkina Faso Cherif Sy.
FESPACO was founded in 1969 in Ouagadougou, the capital city of Upper Volta, which became Burkina Faso in 1984.
02/03/2019 21:33, TUNIS/Tunisia The films "Black Mamba" by Amel Guellaty and "Fatwa" by Mahmoud Ben Mahmoud were awarded on Friday in Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso), during the special awards ceremony of the 26th edition of the Pan-African Film and Television Festival of Ouagadougou (Fespaco), awarded on the eve of the closing ceremony.
Ouagadougou, Feb 5 (ONA) At least 14 civilians were killed in an
Looking on with interest were four Burkinabe doctors from l'Hopital National Blaise Compaore, the primary hospital in Ouagadougou.
Five emergency centers were set up in hospitals, a military barracks and at a stadium in Ouagadougou to treat the casualties, said Col.
A local news station showed pictures of black smoke coming from a building in central Ouagadougou and a Reuters correspondent found that most people had fled the streets.