Oudh


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Oudh

, historic region, India
Oudh (oud), historic region of N central India, now part of the state of Uttar Pradesh. Its early history centers around the ancient kingdom of Kosala, which had Ayodhya (formerly Oudh) as its capital. The region passed under Gupta rule in the 4th cent. A.D. and later it became (11th–12th cent.) the center of the Rajput state of Kanauj. In the 13th cent. it was conquered by the Delhi Sultanate. It became (16th cent.) a province of the Mughal empire, and was subsequently governed by the nawabs of Oudh from their capitals of Faizabad (1724–75) and Lucknow (1775–1856). The annexation (1856) of Oudh as a British province was a contributing cause of the Indian Mutiny (1857–58). In 1877, Oudh was joined with the presidency of Agra to form the United Provinces, which subsequently became the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Oudh

 

a historic region in northern India, located on the middle course of the Ganges River. Its name comes from the ancient city of Ajodhya (medieval Awadh). During the Middle Ages, Oudh was the most important part of the large states that formed in the valley of the Ganges. In the 1720’s Saadat Khan, vicegerent of the Great Moguls in Oudh, obtained its de facto independence. In the 18th and early 19th centuries Oudh (with its capital at Lucknow) was one of the significant principalities of India. It actively opposed the expansion of the English East India Company but was defeated by it in 1764 in a battle at Buxar and became the company’s vassal. The annexation of Oudh by the company in 1856 was one of the main reasons why Oudh became the major seat of the Indian popular uprising of 1857–59. Oudh is part of the state of Uttar Pradesh of the Republic of India.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Oudh

1. a region of N India, in central Uttar Pradesh: annexed by Britain in 1856 and a centre of the Indian Mutiny (1857--58); joined with Agra in 1877, becoming the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh in 1902, which were renamed Uttar Pradesh in 1950
2. another name for Ayodhya
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The Saudi Food and Drug Administration (SFDA) announced that it has withdrawn the Dahn Oudh Powder produced by the UAE-based company Ajmal Perfume.
Dhanal Oudh, the pure extract of agarwood tree is the most coveted oriental perfume, highly desired for its complex scent that unfolds over a course of many hours, imparts lasting fragrant trails quintessentially reflective of the famed mystique and magic of oriental perfumery.
The satirical vignettes penned by the character Azad's creator Ratan Nath Sarshar, appearing in the newly founded newspaper Oudh [Awadh] Akhbar, developed into the picaresque Fasana-i-Azad [The Tale of Azad].
We are gearing up to set the scene for an evening steeped in the romance of Lahore, hosted in a Haveli over 250 years old and favoured by the fifth King of Oudh.
Salim Kalsekar, Managing Director of Rasasi Perfumes, attributes the company's strong performance to the continued diversification of the company's range and growing demand for traditional fragrances, such as oudh, among a new generation of consumers who are keen to celebrate their heritage, with sales of incense up 10% year-on-year, and oils increasing by 8%.
Advancing from the east, the British had become masters of Bengal, Oudh and Bihar.
A police sergeant told prosecutors that they were informed about a theft in a hotel in Oudh Maitha.
The 3kmroad, which wasbuilt at a cost of Dhs49 million, starts from an area behind the Sharjah English School (opposite Sharjah University) and continues up until the Oudh Rakan Bridge on Maliha Road.
Oudh SugarBSE 4.34 percent rose 4.98 percent to Rs131.75.
It manufactures Oriental and Occidental fragrances in the form of bakhoor (incense), oudh (agarwood) and ittar (fragrant oil), supplying to a global audience.
Middle row: Sir SP Sinha (First Native Member of Viceroy's Council, India), The Maharajah of Bikanir (representing the Ruling Princes of India), Sir James Meston (Lieutenant-Governor of United Provinces of Agra and Oudh), The Rt Hon Austen Chamberlain (Secretary for India), The Rt Hon Lord Robert Cecil (Minister of Blockade), The Rt Hon Walter H.
Molton Brown Oudh Accord and Gold Body Wash (300ml), John Lewis, PS20