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see antelopeantelope,
name applied to any of a large number of hoofed, ruminant mammals of the cattle family (Bovidae), which also includes the bison, buffalo, sheep, and goats. Found in Africa and Eurasia, they range in size from pygmy antelopes, 12 in.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Ourebia ourebi), a dwarf antelope of the family Bovidae. The oribi is a graceful animal with long, slender legs. The body length is about 1 m, and the shoulder height is up to 70 cm. The animal weighs between 14 and 21 kg. The head is elongated, and the ears are large. The males have straight antlers measuring 8 to 12 cm long; the females are hornless. The tail is short and downy. The coat is silky, and there are tufts of long hair on the knees. The coloration above and on the sides is sandy red. There is a dark crown patch, and below each ear is a bare area. The underparts are white, and the tail is black.

Oribis are distributed in Africa, south of the Sahara, where they inhabit the steppe and savanna. They hide in tall grass, and, when pursued, they make high leaps. Oribis live in pairs or small groups. They feed on grass and leaves. Oribis reproduce year-round. The animals are hunted for their meat. They are relatively numerous.


Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 6. Moscow, 1971.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.