Ousmane Sembène

(redirected from Ousmane Sembene)
Ousmane Sembène
Birthday
BirthplaceZiguinchor, Casamance, Senegal
Died
Occupation
film director, producer, screenwriter, actor & author
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Sembène, Ousmane

 

Born 1923 in Ziguinchor. Senegalese author writing in French and Wolof.

During World War II, Sembène fought against the fascists in North Africa and Europe. From 1946 to 1958 he was a docker in Marseille. Since 1960 he has lived in Senegal. As a theorist of literature, Sembène takes Marxist positions. He was the first West African writer to create literary characters of African workers and their leaders, champions of independence. His novel The Black Docker (1956) was directed against racism, and the novel My Homeland, My Wonderful People (1957; Russian translation published as Son of Senegal, 1958) dealt with social transformations in the African countryside. Sembène’s novel The Reeds of the Lord God (1960; Russian translation, 1962) depicted the inculcation of proletarian solidarity in former peasants; the struggle for independence in West Africa was the theme of the novel Harmattan—the Hot Wind (1964; Russian translation, 1966). The two novellas constituting the book Vehiciosane (1965; Russian translation of the second novella published as The Postal Money Order, 1966) dispute the concept of negritude.

Sembène is also a screenwriter and film director. He made the feature films The Man With the Cart (1963), The Black Woman From … (1966), The Postal Money Order (1968), Emitaï (1971), and Impotence (1975).

WORKS

In Russian translation:
Novye stranitsy: Rasskazy i stikhi. [Compiled and with preface by G. I. Potekhina.] Moscow, 1964.

REFERENCES

Potekhina, G. I. Ocherki sovremennoi literatury Zapadnoi Afriki. Moscow, 1968.
Sovremennnye literatury Afriki: Severnaia i Zapadnaia Afrika. Moscow, 1973.
Vieyra, P. S. Ousmane Sembène, cinéaste; 1-ère période, 1962–1971. Paris [1972].

G. I. POTEKHINA

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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that tells the unbelievable true story of the father of African cinema Ousmane Sembene, the self-taught novelist and filmmaker who fought against enormous odds in a monumental fifty-year battle to bring African stories to Africans.
For African cinema neophytes, there can surely be no superior introduction to the films of Ousmane Sembene than, well, the films of Ousmane Sembene: The late Senegalese novelist and filmmaker's scorching brand of political cinema has lost none of its rhetorical and sensory immediacy over the years, setting the bar high for any filmmaker attempting a contemporary appraisal of his work.
In his interview, Ousmane Sembene (Senegal) explains that "creation is never detached from the social context of the man himself." Ngugi wa Thiong'o observes during his prison stint, "A writer needs people around him.