# Output Quota

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

## Output Quota

a quantity of production units (or operations) that must be produced (or completed) during a time unit (hour, shift, or month), under defined organizational and technological conditions, by a single worker or group of workers possessing the appropriate skills. Depending on the type of work, an output quota can be expressed in pieces or in units of length, area, volume, or weight.

Output quotas are calculated using the formula Q = T‧N/t, where Q is the output quota, T is the duration (in hours or minutes) of the time period for which the output quota is being established, N is the number of workers taking part in the operation, and t is the time rate for a given operation or time per article, expressed in man-hours or man-minutes.

In the USSR output quotas are generally used in mass production and large-series production, where the number of operators and the type of operation remain constant for the duration of a whole work shift. The use of output quotas is especially widespread in the coal industry, in the metallurgical, chemical, and food-processing industries, and in mass production sections in machine-building enterprises. Output quotas must be technically well grounded. In establishing output quotas, the latest achievements of process and industrial engineering are used, and advanced production experience is called upon. This assures a progressive level of output quotas. The establishment of technically based output quotas orients socialist enterprises and their workers toward achieving a level of labor productivity that is higher than the existing average level.

V. M. RYSS

References in periodicals archive ?
While keeping the daily output quota of 27 million barrels that took effect in November, OPEC aims to squeeze the supply by eliminating the excess production.
Crude oil pumped by the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries amounted to 29.9 million barrels per day in September, already topping an output quota planned to take effect in November, according to a monthly report released Tuesday by the International Energy Agency.
24 consider six parameters for use in determining future crude oil output quota allocations: reserves, production capacity, historic production, domestic consumption, per capita oil income and current quota levels.
On Wednesday, OPEC members agreed to hike the output quota by 1 million barrels a day to 27 million from Nov.
The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries met unofficially in Amsterdam on Saturday to discuss Saudi Arabia's proposal that OPEC raise a daily output quota by 2 million barrels from the current 23.5 million barrels.
2, insisted on having an output quota of 2.82m b/d.
The cartel s official daily output quota has stood at 24.84 million barrels per day since January.
Opec produces 40 per cent of the world's oil and its official output quota stands at 28.8 million barrels per day.
Kuwaiti Oil Minister Sheikh Ahmad Al-Abdullah Al-Ahmad Al-Sabah expressed satisfaction at the OPEC decision to maintain the current crude output ceiling at 24.840 million barrels per day for keeping balance of the market.Sheikh Ahmad, also Minister of Information, said in an interview with KUNA and Kuwait Television that the ministers of oil at the latest OPEC conference affirmed anew necessity that the cartel oil producers adhere to the output quota because a current glut in the market.Shedding further light on this particular topic, the minister put the extent of quota abidance by the OPEC oil producing countries at 54-56 percent, a very low proportion, compared to the cartel aspiration that it should be as high as 75 percent.
The accord assigned each OPEC member a maximum allowable output quota coupled with a mandatory size of cut.
The OPEC cartel is widely expected to discuss ways to improve compliance, with concerns that some participants within the production cut agreement, have not been following the output quota. OPEC appears to be confident that its strategy to rebalance the market is working, and if the cartel is able to display further confidence in the ongoing reductions in the oversupply next week, it will potentially have a positive impact on the price of Oil.

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