Ovchinnikov, Andrei

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ovchinnikov, Andrei Afanas’evich


Born 1739; died Aug. 25 (Sep. 5), 1774, near Chernyi Iar, in what is now Astrakhan Oblast. Iaik Cossack; comrade-in-arms of E. I. Pugachev.

Ovchinnikov took part in the uprising of Iaik Cossacks in 1772. He joined Pugachev in September 1773 near Iaitskii Gorodok. At a war council, Ovchinnikov was elected campaign ataman. He led the insurgents in a number of important operations, including the rout of General Kar’s corps in November 1773, the siege of Iaitskii Gorodok, and the capture of Gur’ev Gorodok. He fought with distinction in 1774 in battles near Kazan, Saratov, and Tsaritsyn. Pugachev made Ovchinnikov a field marshal in August 1774. He was killed in the final battle at Solenikova Vataga near Chernyi Iar.


Pugachevshchina, vols. 1–3. Moscow-Leningrad, 1926–31.
“Dopros E. Pugacheva v Moskve v 1774–1775 gg.” Krasnyi arkhiv, 1935, nos. 69–70.
Dubrovin, N. F. Pugachev i ego soobshchniki, vols. 2–3. St. Petersburg, 1884.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.