Overijssel

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Overijssel

(ō'vərī`səl), province (1994 pop. 1,044,600), c,1,500 sq mi (3,885 sq km), E central Netherlands; it borders on Germany in the east. ZwolleZwolle
, city (1994 pop. 99,139), capital of Overijssel prov., N central Netherlands, on the Zwartewater River. It is an administrative, transportation, and industrial center. Shipbuilding and iron-working are activities.
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 is the capital; other cities include AlmeloAlmelo
, city (1994 pop. 64,589), Overijssel prov., E Netherlands. It is an important rail junction and manufacturing center and has a large textile industry.
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, DeventerDeventer,
city (1994 pop. 69,079), Overijssel prov., E central Netherlands, on the IJssel River. It is an industrial center with machine shops and foundries; important manufactures are bicycles and bricks.
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, EnschedeEnschede
, city (1994 pop. 147,624), Overijssel prov., E Netherlands, near the German border. It is a rail junction with textile, rubber, and machinery manufacturing. Enschede was rebuilt after a fire largely destroyed it in 1862.
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, KampenKampen
, town (1994 pop. 32,550), Overijssel prov., central Netherlands, on the IJssel River, near the Ketelmeer. It is a trade and industrial center. Kampen was first mentioned in the 13th cent., and in the 15th cent. it was a member of the Hanseatic League.
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, and ZutphenZutphen
, city (1994 pop. 31,309), Gelderland prov., E central Netherlands, on the IJssel River. It is an administrative, industrial, and commercial center. Zutphen was chartered in 1191 and was an important Spanish stronghold during the Dutch struggle for independence (16th
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. The province is drained by the IJssel River and several canals. It is generally sandy but supports extensive stock raising, orchard cultivation, and dairying. The province's chief manufactures include textiles, clothing, and machinery. The lordship of Overijssel belonged in the Middle Ages to the bishop of UtrechtUtrecht,
city (1994 pop. 234,106), capital of Utrecht prov., central Netherlands, on a branch of the Lower Rhine (Neder Rijn) River. It is a transportation, financial, and industrial center. Manufactures include machinery, cement, and food products.
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 but was sold (1527) to Emperor Charles V. It joined (1579) the Union of Utrecht and became one of the United Provs. of the Netherlands.

Overijssel

 

a province in the Netherlands, near the IJsselmeer. Area, 3,800 sq km. Population, 977,000 (1975). Its capital is Zwolle. The important Twente textile region encompassing the cities of Enschede, Hengelo, and Almelo lies in the province. The chemical, machine-building, and food-processing industries are well developed. Dairy farming is also important, especially in the Salland region, which includes the cities of Zwolle and Deventer.

Overijssel

a province of the E Netherlands: generally low-lying. Capital: Zwolle. Pop.: 1 101 000 (2003 est.). Area: 3929 sq. km (1517 sq. miles)