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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



by Soviet law, work exceeding the established duration of work time. Overtime is assigned only under exceptional conditions, for example, national military threat, natural disasters and other emergencies endangering human life, accidents at work and related consequences, and sudden malfunctions of water or gas pipes or heating, lighting, sewage, transportation, or communications systems. A person may work overtime if the worker who is to relieve him fails to appear, or if his work does not allow an interruption. The permission of the factory, plant, or local trade union committee is necessary in all cases.

Persons not permitted to work overtime include pregnant women, mothers who are breast feeding, women with children under the age of one, and workers under the age of 18. Workers enrolled in secondary general-education schools and vocational-technical schools may not work overtime on days when they have classes. The handicapped and women with children between the ages of one and eight may be assigned to work overtime only if they so agree. Overtime should not exceed four hours in the course of two consecutive days or 120 hours a year for a given worker.

Workers who receive time-rate wages are paid time and a half for the first two hours overtime and double time for subsequent hours; those who receive piece rate wages receive in addition a certain percentage of the tariff system applied to workers engaged in similar work but receiving time-rate wages: 50 percent for the first two hours overtime and 100 percent for subsequent hours. In those sectors of the national economy where uniform tariff systems have been set for both types of wages, workers receive an additional 37.5 percent of the rate for the first 2 hours overtime and 75 percent for subsequent hours. Persons who work below ground in coal mines, whether the mine is in operation or under construction, receive an extra 25 percent of the tariff system for the first two hours overtime and 50 percent for subsequent hours. Compensation for overtime may not be given in the form of time off.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


The number of hours worked on a building project in excess of the number agreed upon for any single day or for any one week.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hundreds of other Scotiabank employees, who had claimed they were denied overtime pay while being assigned more work than could be completed within their standard hours, joined the class action.
Part of that boils down to the estimate of how many employees should qualify for overtime right now but don't due to misclassification by employers.
If you are working regular overtime, your employer should be including this in your holiday pay.
The TUC study reveals that men work 1.1 billion unpaid overtime hours a year, compared to 0.9 billion hours for women.
For the United States, an economy with mandatory overtime rules, this model concerns the employment effects of a rise in the overtime premium.
South Wales Police's highest overtime payment was PS17,000 made to a police officer, and North Wales' Police's highest overtime payment was PS15,500 paid to a second sergeant.
Staffordshire Police paid PS15,705.95 to one sergeant in 2012/13, while Cheshire Constabulary paid PS11,492.95 to one in overtime in 2013.
For example, for an employee earning $10.00 per hour who worked 48 hours in a particular workweek in 2014 and then received a $2,600 annual production bonus at the end of 2014, the employer would--under these circumstances--be required to apportion back $50.00 for each workweek ($2,600/52 weeks) in which the bonus was earned, and then recalculate the employee's regular rate for any workweek in which the employee worked overtime. The employer, not knowing the amount of the apportioned bonus amount when the wages were due, paid the employee $520.00 for 48 hours of work ($10.00 X 48 hours + $5.00 X 8 hours).
On a monthly basis, overtime cannot exceed 30 hours of daytime work or 20 hours of nighttime work.
e 2014 gure places West Yorkshire seventh on the list of all English counties for the amount people earn from overtime. Cumbria was top on PS73.80 followed by Staordshire on PS65.20 and Essex third on PS63.40.
Inasmuch as Arbitrator Stutz could not reverse the course of time to allow Captain Bianco to work the actual overtime shift to which he had been entitled, he ordered the City to provide him with the financial equivalent.
PASYKI had given the health ministry a 15-day ultimatum to reconsider plans to reduce their overtime pay.