She maintains that over the next nine decades the Ovimbundu
consistently sought a new identity, in opposition to one the state authorities sought to impose.
Other ethnic groups, including the majority Ovimbundu
, have no more than token access to power or wealth.
51) No one in the documents consulted was identified as Ovimbundu
, an ethnonym employed by anthropologists in the twentieth century to designate people living in the Benguela interior, including the Ndombe.
For historical reasons, the Ovimbundu
(of the central highlands) had to seek employment on the coffee plantations as their agricultural economy was not sufficiently strong to sustain their relatively large population.
18) This has, in part, been based on an ethnic basis for UNITA, the MPLA, and FNLA; respectively comprised of Ovimbundu
, Mbundu, and Bakongo peoples, who together account for three-quarters of the total population of Angola.
While the focus is specifically on the Chokwe peoples, arguably the most famous and vital of Angola's ethnic groups, neighbouring groups within that country and in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Zambia - such as the Lwena/Luvale, Ovimbundu
, Luchazi, Holo and Lunda - are also included.
By encouraging colonists to settle in the Ovimbundu
(Mbundu) territory, he forced the dealers of that kingdom to scout ever farther toward the south and east, becoming more distant from Luanda and compelling them to sell to Benguela.
He undeniably has a wide following in Angola, though mostly among his own Ovimbundu
ethnic group, and he is competent, needing no guidance or instruction books from the Central Intelligence Agency.
Massano is also known for the emancipatory policies he pursued in the Ovimbundu
area after the revolt.
Languages: Portuguese (official), Ovimbundu
, Kimbundu, Bakongo, and others.
This fact itself is related to the historical inheritance from colonialism, and is at the root of the problems that divide Angola between town and country, between the littoral and the inland, and the Luanda-Mbundu and the multiracial MPLA, the inland Ovimbundu
and Bakongo peoples who form the bulk of the rural population, with their own distinctive languages and traditions.
s leaders are the first to admit that they themselves lack support among the southern Ovimbundu
people, whom Savimbi claims to represent.