The quintet said they represented the largest ethnic group in the country, the Ovimbundu
, who occupied Angola's central highlands and southern provinces and shared 400 miles of eastern frontier with Zambia and 700 of southern frontier with Namibia.
Other ethnic groups, including the majority Ovimbundu
, have no more than token access to power or wealth.
18) This has, in part, been based on an ethnic basis for UNITA, the MPLA, and FNLA; respectively comprised of Ovimbundu
, Mbundu, and Bakongo peoples, who together account for three-quarters of the total population of Angola.
While the focus is specifically on the Chokwe peoples, arguably the most famous and vital of Angola's ethnic groups, neighbouring groups within that country and in the Democratic Republic of Congo and Zambia - such as the Lwena/Luvale, Ovimbundu
, Luchazi, Holo and Lunda - are also included.
Languages: Portuguese (official), Ovimbundu
, Kimbundu, Bakongo, and others.
This fact itself is related to the historical inheritance from colonialism, and is at the root of the problems that divide Angola between town and country, between the littoral and the inland, and the Luanda-Mbundu and the multiracial MPLA, the inland Ovimbundu
and Bakongo peoples who form the bulk of the rural population, with their own distinctive languages and traditions.
But Savimbi, pointing out that so many of his fellow Ovimbundu
had been killed, including his friend Jeremias Chitunda and others, who had been sent to Luanda to implement UNITA's integration in a new accorded multi-party regime, decided to carry on his destructive war to the end.