Owen Glendower


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Owen Glendower

(glĕn`dou'ər, glĕndou`ər), Welsh Owain Glyndwr, 1359?–1416?, Welsh national leader. A scion of the princes of Powys, he was also claimant through his mother to the lands of Rhys ap GruffyddRhys ap Gruffydd
, 1132?–1197, ruler of South Wales and, after the death (1170) of Owain Gwynedd, leader of the Welsh princes. The failure (1165) of the English troops under Henry II in Wales and Henry's later domestic troubles contributed to Rhys's power.
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; he was thus one of the most powerful lords in Wales. After studying law in London and fighting in the English army, he returned to Wales. In 1400 he emerged as the leader of a revolt against English rule. The immediate occasion was a quarrel with his neighbor Lord Grey of Ruthin, an English border baron; but deeper causes of the national upheaval that followed lay in Welsh antagonism toward their English overlords, Welsh resentment of unjust English laws and administration, and widespread economic discontent. Owen, proclaimed (1400) prince of Wales by his followers, kept the revolt against Henry IVHenry IV,
1367–1413, king of England (1399–1413), eldest son of John of Gaunt and grandson of Edward III; called Henry of Bolingbroke. He founded the Lancastrian dynasty.
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 of England burning for years. In 1402 he captured Sir Edmund de MortimerMortimer, Sir Edmund de,
1376–1409, English nobleman; youngest son of Edmund de Mortimer, 3d earl of March. In 1398 when young Edmund, the 5th earl, nephew of Sir Edmund, succeeded to the title while still a minor, Sir Edmund became the most powerful representative of his
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, whose nephew the 5th earl of March had a claim to the English throne, and secured his support. He then allied himself with the discontented Percy family (Sir Henry PercyPercy, Sir Henry,
1366–1403, English nobleman, called Hotspur or Henry Hotspur; son of Henry Percy, 1st earl of Northumberland. In 1388 he participated in the famous battle of Otterburn, or Chevy Chase, against the Scots; he was captured but later ransomed, and he returned
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; his father, Henry Percy, 1st earl of NorthumberlandNorthumberland, Henry Percy, 1st earl of,
1342–1408, English nobleman. He fought in France in the Hundred Years War, became warden of the Scottish Marches, and was a supporter of John Wyclif.
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; and Thomas Percy, earl of WorcesterWorcester, Thomas Percy, earl of
, c.1344–1403, English nobleman; brother of Henry Percy, 1st earl of Northumberland. He served with considerable success in the wars in France and Spain, especially as admiral of the fleet of the north, a position to which he was appointed
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). The defeat of the Percys at the battle of Shrewsbury in 1403 (in which Owen did not take part) was only a temporary setback for the Welsh leader. The following year he displayed his skill as a daring guerrilla fighter by capturing the key castles of Aberystwyth and Harlech. He was recognized by Charles VI of France, with whom he made (1404) an alliance, and summoned (1405) his own parliament. However, the failure of an expedition from France on his behalf (1405–6) weakened him, and the recapture by the English of Aberystwyth (1408) and Harlech (1409) left him powerless. He disappeared into the mountains and refused to take advantage of the general amnesty offered by Henry V.

Bibliography

See biography by G. Williams (1966).

Glendower, Owen

Welsh ally of the Percys; his boastfulness antagonizes Hotspur. [Br. Lit.: I Henry IV]
References in periodicals archive ?
"The Owen Glendower, in particular, is an absolutely magnificent piece of engineering work which must have taken thousands of hours to make.
BLACK BEAUTY: Owen Glendower is primed to Mussel in
With backing from organisations that include the Glyndr Society and the Welsh Books Council, Rob Stepney has brought out a paperback edition of Powys' Owen Glendower.
The tale of Owen Glendower, and indeed that of any subject from the reign of Henry IV, is told with some reluctance by the poets of the Mirror.
1369); engaged in border warfare with the English as a young man; beat a force led by the Percies and their Scots ally, George Dunbar, Earl of March, near Preston (late 1400); was defeated and captured at the head of a raiding party by the Percies at Homildon Hill (September 14, 1402); fought on for them and Owen Glendower (Glyndwyr) at Shrewsbury, but was captured again (July 21, 1403); undertook several missions to Scotland, negotiating for the release of King James I (1405-1412); released (1413) he went to France at the head of 10,000 Scots to help the French against the English and was made Duke of Touraine; led the right wing of the Franco-Scots army at Verneuil, and was killed in the melee against the English army of the Duke of Bedford and the Earl of Salisbury (August 27, 1424).
Anyone taking a cursory glance at the character of Owen Glendower in Henry IV Part 1 might be tempted to dismiss it as a caricature of a Welshman overly fond of speaking whimsically.
7.35 Cloudy Joker 8.05 Owen Glendower 8.35 Lord Of Drums 9.05 Lisbon.
NAOMI MATTHEW: 6.00 Billfromthebar, 6.30 Morning Time, 7.00 Toledo Gold, 7.35 Cloudy Joker, 8.05 Owen Glendower, 8.35 Duneen Point, 9.05 Lisbon.
Rwyf yn disgwyl iddynt ofyn, "where is your leader, can we meet this Owen Glendower fellow?" Felly mae'r "political activists" yn rhan o'r aelodaeth sydd wedi meiddio codi llais, herio'r drefn a gofyn am amodau gwaith gwell a thal teg am eu llafur.
Pasco has become one to swerve and it will take a seriously good effort from Owen Glendower to have recovered well enough from his Cheltenham exertions to improve again and take this.
But they've never seen a movie about Owen Glenfiddich - whoops, sorry Vinnie, I mean Owen Glendower. Whoops again, it's Owain Glyndwr for those Pontcanna patriots still hoping Hollywood will put Pobol y Cwm on the big screen.