Oxfordshire


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Oxfordshire

or

Oxon,

county (1991 pop. 553,800), 749 sq mi (1,940 sq km), S central England. The county seat is OxfordOxford,
city (1991 pop. 113,847) and district, county seat of Oxfordshire, S central England. In addition to its importance as the site of the Univ. of Oxford, the city has significant industries, including the manufacture of automobiles and steel products.
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. The county comprises five administrative districts: Cherwell, South Oxfordshire, Oxford, Vale of White Horse, and West Oxfordshire. The terrain is generally flat except for a branch of the Chiltern Hills in the southeast. The county is drained by the ThamesThames
, Rom. Tamesis, principal river of England, c.210 mi (340 km) long. It rises in four headstreams (the Thames or Isis, Churn, Coln, and Leach) in the Cotswold Hills, E Gloucestershire, and flows generally eastward across S England and through London to the North Sea
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 River (or Isis as it is sometimes locally called) and its affluents, the Windrush, the Evenlode, the Cherwell, and the Thame.

The chief occupation is farming (wheat, barley, and oats), with some dairying and sheep raising. Ironstone and limestone are found. Oxford is the industrial center (automobiles and steel products). In the Middle Ages, Oxfordshire was a part of the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of MerciaMercia
, one of the kingdoms of Anglo-Saxon England, consisting generally of the region of the Midlands. It was settled by Angles c.500, probably first along the Trent valley.
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. During the English civil war it was a stronghold of royalist resistance. The Univ. of OxfordOxford, University of,
at Oxford, England, one of the oldest English-language universities in the world. The university was a leading center of learning throughout the Middle Ages; such scholars as Roger Bacon, Duns Scotus, John Wyclif, and Bishop Grosseteste were associated
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 dates from the 12th cent. Near Woodstock, rich in historical associations, is Blenheim ParkBlenheim Park,
estate, Oxfordshire, central England, near Woodstock. The stately Blenheim Palace was designed by Sir John Vanbrugh and stands on spacious grounds that included entensive formal gardens that were removed in the 1760s when Capability Brown redesigned the parklands.
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.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Oxfordshire

 

a county in Great Britain, in the Thames River basin. Area, 1,900 sq km. Population, 380,800 (1971). The county town is Oxford.

The breeding of dairy cows is the main agricultural pursuit, although there is also grain and sugar-beet farming. The main branch of industry is machine building, primarily the manufacture of automobiles. There is also a printing industry. The northern part has iron-ore deposits.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Oxfordshire

an inland county of S central England: situated mostly in the basin of the Upper Thames, with the Cotswolds in the west and the Chilterns in the southeast. Administrative centre: Oxford. Pop.: 615 200 (2003 est.). Area: 2608 sq. km (1007 sq. miles)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Tributes are left at the Oxfordshire home of George Michael on the first anniversary of his death
Residents of South Oxfordshire scored well in a number of the categories analysed, with health also being a significant factor: 97% of those living in the area report themselves to be in good health.
Labour mocked the PM as the "leader of the anti-austerity movement in Oxfordshire" after he said he was "disappointed" at planned cuts to museums, libraries and day centres for the elderly.
A force spokeswoman said there had been one uncon-firmed sighting of the 42-year-old and his daughter in Benson and several others in Oxfordshire and that Mr Powell had vacated his home shortly before going missing.
The plant in Oxfordshire is seen to start generating electricity in the first quarter of next year, the buyer said, adding that the addition of the new operation would bring the fund's total commitments to GBP55.3m.
Plush Pants offers a nappy trial scheme - both online and through Oxfordshire County Council - that allows families to try a selection of nappy designs and brands for a fraction of the cost of new nappies.
Turkish national Ensar Gol, from Thame, Oxfordshire, is alleged to have killed the women aged 29 and 50 in the early hours of Sunday morning.
This means that West Oxfordshire's total council budget is pounds 3.37m, but our total council budget is 32 times greater than Oxfordshire's and Newcastle's chief executive Barry Rowland is on an unbelievable pounds 165,000.
During proceedings, the Award--which is recognised as the most prestigious public acknowledgement of business achievement--was presented on behalf of Her Majesty the Queen by the Lord Lieutenant of Oxfordshire, Mr Tim Stevenson.
The Pattinson Construction Trafalgar Cup will offer a first prize of pounds 2,000, the Property Care Maintenance Oxfordshire Stakes will be worth pounds 2,500 to the winner, while the Blanchford Building Supplies Oxfordshire Gold Cup will offer a pounds 3,000 top prize.
LAST year's finalists Cheshire slipped to a surprise defeat at the hands of Oxfordshire in the MCCA Knockout Trophy at the weekend.
More copies of Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, the final Harry Potter book by JK Rowling, have been pre-ordered in the town of Wallingford in Oxfordshire than any other location in the UK, retailer Amazon.co.uk has announced.

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